Posts Tagged ‘evidence’

Today, White Paper version 2.0 was published online first at the Website of Journal of Integrative Medicine


Acupuncture’s Role in Solving the Opioid Epidemic: Evidence, Cost-Effectiveness, and Care Availability for Acupuncture as a Primary, Non-Pharmacologic Method for Pain Relief and Management, White Paper 2017

Abstract by Arthur Yin Fan

The title of White Paper is “Acupuncture’s Role in Solving the Opioid Epidemic: Evidence, Cost-Effectiveness, and Care Availability for Acupuncture as a Primary, Non-Pharmacologic Method for Pain Relief and Management, White Paper 2017”白皮书的题目是“针灸在解决阿片类药物危机中的作用:针灸作为一线非药物疗法治疗和控制疼痛的证据、花费和医疗服务的可行性”。

There were 6 organizations as the co-publishers-参加发表该白皮书的有6个合作单位:The American Society of Acupuncturists, ASA美国针灸师联合会 、The American Alliance for Professional Acupuncture Safety, AAPAS美国执业针灸安全联盟 ,  The Acupuncture Now Foundation, ANF针灸立刻行动基金会,  The American TCM Association, ATCMA全美中医药学会 ,  The American TCM Society, ATCMS)美国中医针灸学会和全美华裔中医药总会 National Federation of TCM Organizations, NFTCMO 。

White paper  was drafted and edited based on a letter, which original authors were(白皮书起草是在一封信的基础上起步的,信的原文作者是): The Joint Acupuncture Opioid Task Force (Chair: Bonnie M. Abel Bolash, MAc, LAc. Member organizations: The Acupuncture Now Foundation (ANF) ,The American Society of Acupuncturists (ASA) ;组员: Matthew Bauer, LAc ;Bonnie Bolash, LAc ; Lindy Camardella, LAc; Mel Hopper Koppelman, MSc ;John McDonald, PhD, FAACMA ;Lindsay Meade, LAc ;David W Miller, MD, LAc .

The first (revising) author 白皮书修改稿第一作者: Arthur Yin Fan, CMD, PhD, LAc (ATCMA) ;Correspondent author通讯作者: David W Miller, MD, LAc 。Other authors参与白皮书的其他作者: Sarah Faggert, DAc, LAc; Hongjian He, CMD, LAc;Mel Hopper Koppelman, MSc; Yong Ming Li, MD, PhD, LAc ; Amy Matecki, MD, LAc*;David W Miller, MD, LAc; John Pang, MD** , etc . *Division Chief, Dept. of Medicine, Highland Hospital, Alameda Health System; **Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.


The United States is facing a national opioid epidemic, and medical systems are in need of non-pharmacologic strategies that can be employed to decrease the public’s opioid dependence. Acupuncture has emerged as a powerful, evidence based, safe, cost-effective, and available treatment modality suitable to meeting this need. Acupuncture has been shown to be effective for the management of numerous types of pain, and mechanisms of action for acupuncture have been described and are understandable from biomedical, physiologic perspectives. Further, acupuncture’s cost-effectiveness could dramatically decrease health care expenditures, both from the standpoint of treating acute pain and through avoiding the development of opioid addiction that requires costly care, destroys quality of life, and can lead to fatal overdose. Numerous federal regulatory agencies have advised or mandated that healthcare systems and providers offer non-pharmacologic treatment options, and acupuncture stands as the most evidence-based, immediately available choice to fulfil these calls. Acupuncture can safely, easily, and cost -effectively be incorporated into hospital settings as diverse as the emergency department, labor and delivery suites, and neonatal intensive care units to treat a variety of pain seen commonly in hospitals.

Acupuncture is already being successfully and meaningfully utilized by the Veterans Administration and various branches of the U.S. Military.




  1. Acupuncture is an effective, safe, and cost-effective treatment for numerous types of acute and chronic pain. Acupuncture should be recommended as a first line treatment for pain before opiates are prescribed, and may reduce opioid use.


1.1 Effectiveness/Efficacy of acupuncture for different types of pain.


1.2 Safety and feasibility of acupuncture for pain management.


1.3 Cost-effectiveness of acupuncture for pain management.


1.4 Can adjunctive acupuncture treatment reduce the use of Opioid-like medications?


  1. Acupuncture’s analgesic mechanisms have been extensively researched and acupuncture can increase the production and release of endogenous opioids in animals and humans.


  1. Acupuncture is effective for the treatment of chronic pain involving maladaptive neuroplasticity.


  1. Acupuncture is a useful adjunctive therapy in opiate dependency and rehabilitation.


  1. Acupuncture has been recommended as a first line non-pharmacologic therapy by the

FDA, as well as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in coping with the opioid crisis. The Joint Commission has also mandated that hospitals provide non-pharmacologic pain treatment modalities.


  1. Among most non-pharmacologic al managements for pain relief now available, acupuncture therapy is the most effective and specific for opioid abuse and overuse.


  1. Acupuncture is widely available from qualified practitioners nationally.




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Acupuncture’s Role in Solving the Opioid Epidemic

Part 1: Effective and Safe

Evidence, Cost-Effectiveness, and Care Availability for Acupuncture as a Primary, Non-Pharmacologic Method for Pain Relief and Management



September 26, 2017, the release of a comprehensive white paper, “Acupuncture’s Role in Solving the Opioid Epidemic”, credited to dozens of authors and a half-dozen different organizations of acupuncturists and TCM professionals. In this series, we’ll be looking at the different reasons why and the ways in which acupuncture can help alleviate the opioid abuse epidemic wreaking havoc in America.

Over the past 20 years, pain management has become nearly synonymous with opioids. Recent data has shown that opioid prescriptions vary widely and that most surgical patients are over-prescribed, with 70% of pills going unused, leaving opioids lying around in many households.(26) About 6% of all Americans prescribed opioids after surgery become dependent upon those opioids; in head and neck cancer patients, however, it’s as high as 40%.(28) Although they do manage pain, even for those who don’t become dependent, opioids lengthen patients’ recovery times through side effects like sedation, pneumonia, and delirium.

Acupuncture, on the other hand, is a safe, affordable, and readily available non-pharmacologic approach to decreasing opioid dependence that our healthcare systems badly need. It can be used in hospital settings from the emergency room to delivery room, and it’s already in use by the Veterans Administration and the US military.

Part 1: Acupuncture is an effective and safe treatment for both acute and chronic pain.

A growing body of research supports the effectiveness of acupuncture for the relief of pain, especially chronic pain, with the strongest evidence emerging for back, neck, and shoulder pain; chronic headaches; and osteoarthritis.

The Acupuncture Evidence Project(1), which we’ve previously covered, searched the literature with a focus on the highest form of evidence available to identify the conditions for which acupuncture has been found to be most effective. They also looked for evidence of acupuncture’s safety and cost-effectiveness and reported how the evidence for acupuncture’s effectiveness has changed over an eleven-year time-frame. Overall, the study found evidence for the effectiveness of acupuncture for 117 conditions, with stronger evidence for some conditions than others. Strong or moderate evidence supported the effectiveness of acupuncture for almost fifty conditions, including IBS, many varieties of musculoskeletal pain, post-operative nausea and vomiting, some types of headaches, PTSD, obesity, and stroke, as well as the aftereffects of stroke. It was found to be particularly safe and cost-effective compared to other potential treatments for allergic rhinitis and migraine.

In another study, the largest study of its kind to date, nearly half a million patients were treated with acupuncture for headache, low back pain, and/or osteoarthritis in an open pragmatic trial; treating physicians rated it as effective in 76% of all cases. Minor side effects were seen in 8% of patients, and major side effects in only 13 patients total.(3) Other studies found acupuncture, particularly electroacupuncture, equal or superior to standard care for sciatica, joint pain, post-surgical discomfort, and the infamously difficult-to-treat fibromyalgia.

Next time: acupuncture is affordable and reduces opioid use.

26: Hill MV, McMahon ML, Stucke RS, Barth RJ. Wide Variation and Excessive Dosage of Opioid Prescriptions for Common General Surgical Procedures. Annals of Surgery. 2017: 265(4), 709-714. doi:10.1097/sla.0000000000001993.

28: Pang J, Tringale KR, Tapia VJ, Moss WJ, et al (2017). Chronic Opioid Use Following Surgery for Oral Cavity Cancer. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surgery. 2017: doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.0582.

1: McDonald J, Janz S. The Acupuncture Evidence Project: A Comprehensive Literature Review. Australian Acupuncture & Chinese Medicine Association Limited, Dec 19, 2016.

3: Weidenhammer W, Streng A, Linde K, Hoppe A, Melchart D. Acupuncture for Chronic Pain within the Research Program of 10 German Health Insurance Funds–Basic Results from an Observational Study. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 2007;15(4):238-46.

Read the original white paper

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Please see detail information online(click below) for your reference before, during the acupuncture.

The book author is Dr. Harvey Kaltsas, AP and Acupuncture Media Works


Table of Contents
Acupuncture Works – the Proof 3
Acknowledgments to: 5
Section One: Purpose and Introduction 6
Purpose 6
Introduction 6
How the studies in this book were selected 8
Section 2: Testimony before the U.S. Senate 11
Special Hearing 11
Acupuncture in the United States 16
The Chinese Example 16
Acupuncture in the Treatment of Chemical Dependency 17
Stroke, Paralysis, and Brain Damaged Babies 18
Cancer 19
Pain 20
Requests for Congressional Support 20
Conclusion 22
Section Three: Peer-Reviewed Research Studies 23
Allergic Rhinitis 23
Angina Pectoris 25
Breech Birth Version 26
Cancer Care – Improving Quality of Life 27
Cardiac Arrhythmias 30
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome 31
Chronic Venous Ulceration 34
Depression 35
Diabetes 38
Diabetic Peripheral Neuritis and Neuropathy 40
Dry Eye Syndrome 42
Dysmennorhea 43
Dyspepsia 44
Endometriosis 45
Facial Paralysis 46
Fertility Support 47
Fibroids, Uterine 50
Fibromyalgia 51
Gall Bladder Disorders – Cholecystitis 57
Glaucoma 59
Headache 60
Hot Flashes and Post Menopausal Symptoms 65
Hypertension 67
Improved Gait Performance in Geriatric Patients 69
Inflammation 70
Insomnia 72Copyright © 2012 by Dr. Harvey Kaltsas, AP and Acupuncture Media Works
Irritable Bowel Syndrome 75
Labor Pain 76
Leukopenia and Neutropenia Induced by Chemotherapy 77
Low Back Pain 79
Lupus 91
Migraine 92
Military Use 97
Musculo-Skeletal Disorders 99
Nausea and Vomiting 100
Neck Pain and Whiplash 107
NIH Consensus Statement – Various Disorders 114
Osteoarthritis of the Hip 116
Osteoarthritis of the Knee 117
Osteoarthritis Pain 124
Peripheral Joint Osteoarthritis 125
Pain 126
Poststroke and Other Forms of Paralysis – Rehabilitation 135
Raynaud’s Phenomenon 138
Restless Leg Syndrome 139
Rheumatic Conditions 140
Rheumatoid Arthritis 141
Schizophrenia 143
Shingles 144
Strength Performance 145
Substance Abuse and Alcoholism 146
TMJ Disorder 151
Tendonitis – Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow) 152
Understanding the Placebo Effect 153
Using Chinese Language Databases in Research 155
Utilizing Acupuncture in Health Care Systems:
the Economic Impact 156
Section 4: Breakthroughs in Understanding 159
How Acupuncture Works 159
Section 5: NFWL Resolution on Acupuncture 161
About the National Foundation for Women Legislators 161

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