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Archive for the ‘Acupuncture’ Category

Med Acupunct 2020 Jun 1;32(3):136-142. doi: 10.1089/acu.2019.1403. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Universities of Chinese Medicine Enter the Global Stage of Best Universities Rankings in 2020

Arthur Yin Fan 1 2Hui Wei 1 3Haihe Tian 1 4Jane Huang 2 5Sarah Faggert Alemi 1 6Affiliations expand

Abstract

Objective: Chinese Medicine (known as acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (AOM) in the United States), has spread far and been utilized in more than 183 countries or regions. It has played an important role in the health care systems of many countries. Licensed acupuncturists’ contribution to the U.S. market alone is more than 3.5 billion dollars. The aim of the current study was to determine the ranking status of Chinese Medicine schools on the global or international level in 2020. Materials and Methods: Databases of PubMed.gov, wanfangdata.com.cn, cnki.net, and google.com were searched, using the keywords: university or college or schoolChinese Medicine or acupuncture and Oriental Medicineglobal ranking or international ranking, 2020 both in English and Chinese. If the ranking did not show up in the results directly, the authors moved on to find global or international higher education (universities or colleges) ranking agencies or institutions. Then the authors used the websites of ranking agencies or institutions to conduct more research, using the keywords: 2020Chinese Medicine, or acupuncture and Oriental MedicineResults: U.S. News & World Report is the only recognized authority that reported the ranking status of universities of Chinese Medicine in its 2020 edition, in which the best global universities were ranked. A total of 1500 universities in 81 countries and regions were included. Based on the overall academic strength of each university, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, and Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine were ranked as numbers 1376, 1390 and 1440, respectively. In clinical medicine, 750 universities were ranked among the strongest in the world; Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine were ranked as 688th, 734th, and 738th, respectively. In pharmacology and toxicology, 250 universities were among the strongest in the world; Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine were ranked as 153rd and 209th, respectively. In oncology, 250 universities were ranked as strongest in the world; Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine was ranked as 243rd in the world. Conclusions: Chinese Medicine schools are more accepted and more highly ranked than they had been in the past.

Keywords: 2020; Chinese Medicine; acupuncture; best global universities; educational institution; ranking.

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Med Acpunct 2020 Oct 1;32(5):310-319. doi: 10.1089/acu.2020.1439. Epub 2020 Oct 19. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33101576/

Estimated Number of Acupuncture Practitioners in Mainland China in 2018: Multiperspectives

Arthur Yin Fan 1 2Deguang He 1 3Sherman Gu 4 5Haihe Tian 1 6Hui Ouyang 1 7Hui Wei 1 8Changzhen Gong 1 9Sarah Faggert Alemi 1 10Xiaoyin Zhao 11

Abstract

Background and Objective: Acupuncture and Oriental medicine are widespread, practiced in >183 countries and regions. As such, it has played an important role in the world health care system. However, there are no official statistics available on the number of acupuncture practitioners in China. The aim of this study is to calculate the number ranges of acupuncture practitioners in China in 2018. Materials and Methods: In total, 33.708 million was used as the total number of patient visits for acupuncture in 2018 in China. This number was calculated using the data released by the National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (China), in which the average daily workload of all acupuncture practitioners in China was 134,832 patient visits. Acupuncture practitioners in China are part of Chinese Medicine doctors (CMDs) at the physician level, called “acupuncture doctors.” This number 134,832 was divided by the workload of a single doctor of acupuncture, which was 19.4 or 7.0 patient visits per day. These numbers were from a survey by the authors. There are also the numbers 16.0 or 9.4 patient visits per day; these numbers were calculated from the salary level of acupuncture practitioners at 10,000 Yuan per month (providing the doctor’s net income was 30% or 50% in his/her gross income). From these 2 sources, the authors then obtained 2 sets of ranges of acupuncture practitioners in China in 2018. There were 9,927 CMDs in 49 big hospitals, of which 619 were acupuncture practitioners; the ratio of acupuncture practitioners to the whole of all CMDs was 6.23%. Using this ratio multiplied by the whole number of CMDs in 2018, then the number of acupuncture practitioners in China in 2018 could be obtained as well. Results: Calculating based on the workload, the range of acupuncture practitioners in China in 2018 was from 6,950 to 19,262. Calculating based on the salary level, the range was 10,618 to 17,697. Calculating based on the ratio of the number of acupuncture practitioners to the whole population of CMDs, the number was 28,360. Conclusions: The reasonable range of acupuncture practitioners in China in 2018 was 10,618 to 17,697, with a median of 14,157. Considering that some acupuncture practitioners are also engaged in teaching, research, and management, the mentioned number is enlarged by 30% to produce 18,404, which would be reasonable. It was also concluded that the density of acupuncture practitioners was 1.31 per 100,000 residents.

Keywords: China; acupuncture practitioner; density; number; range.

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新华社华盛顿9月26日电 新闻分析:针灸看到了被美国主流医学接受的机遇 (2017-09-27 20:29:36 来源: 新华社) http://www.xinhuanet.com//world/2017-09/27/c_1121734808.htm

新华社记者林小春

如果说传统中医作为一个整体在美国还处境艰难,那么针灸的命运要好得多。经过业内人士长达40多年的努力,美国50个州中有46个州以及华盛顿特区已立法让针灸行医合法化。由于美国阿片类止痛药物滥用与成瘾危机日益严重,针灸在美国面临着大发展乃至被主流医学界所接受的良机。

一周前,美国35个州、华盛顿特区以及美属波多黎各的检察长联名发出公开信,呼吁美国健康保险计划联合会的1300个会员公司修改保险政策,将针灸等非药物止痛疗法纳入在内。此前,美国马里兰州、华盛顿州、阿拉斯加州等已将针灸纳入医疗保险体系。

美国针灸界26日发表一份21页的英文白皮书,列举一系列科研证据,表明针灸能作为一线疗法安全有效地治疗急性与慢性疼痛。

“针灸的春天也许来了,”在华盛顿特区从业的执照针灸师樊蓥对新华社记者说,“这次美国的阿片类药物危机,将让非药物疗法正式有了一席之地,包括针灸、整脊和医疗按摩,但也不能说没有春寒。”

自去年3月时任美国总统奥巴马提出止痛药物滥用问题,在新泽西州行医的执照针灸师李永明就意识到“这或许是一个针灸新时代的开始”。他第一个提出,美国正在开展“新鸦片战争”,这个说法在华人针灸师内部得到广泛认同。

“在各种非药物疗法中,针灸治疗疼痛效果最好,对替代阿片类止痛药最具特异性,所以这对针灸界无疑是个好消息和发展机遇,几十年不遇,为针灸进入主流医学提供了良机,”李永明说。

对于美国各州检察长的呼吁,他乐观地认为,美国保险公司照办的概率很大,一个原因是针灸成本不高,而“阿片类药物中毒急诊住院治疗平均每次9万多美元。够一个针灸师一年的工资。保险公司是要算成本的”。

全美中医药学会会长田海河强调,美国各州检察长的公开信只是一个提议,采纳与否不知道,但这确实可能意味着针灸在美国大发展的机遇即将来临,接下来的问题是怎么抓住机遇。

田海河说,目前美国有4.5万名针灸师,首先技术一定要过硬,能有本领去帮助病人止痛,使病人没有理由、没有借口去用止痛药,也就不会成瘾。“我们要有这个金刚钻,才能揽这个瓷器活。”

他还提醒,即使各州检察长的提议被接受,美国还有很多提供针灸治疗的私人诊所与个体医生并不在医疗保险体系内。保险体系内的一些医生也提供针灸服务,但称之为“干针”,认为这与中医无关。“干针”反而有可能抢先利用这个机遇,这是需要针灸师们解决的问题。

“如果针灸能被纳入医保范围内,这太好不过了。但这将是一个漫长的过程。结果不是等来的,需要我们提供科学证据,证明针灸止痛安全、有效,”田海河说。

对于各州检察长的提议,美国健康保险计划联合会通信与公共关系主管凯瑟琳·唐纳森告诉新华社记者,他们已在探索加强使用已被证明有效止痛的非药物疗法。

唐纳森说:“对于许多患者而言,诸如针灸、瑜伽和锻炼等疗法都是有效的一线疗法,但这视患者个体的不同情况而言,必要时再改而使用药物疗法。”

那么,美国学术界目前到底怎么看待针灸呢?

美国国家补充和综合健康中心官网在对针灸的介绍中指出,只要由有经验的、受过培训的针灸师施针,针消过毒,总体是安全的,但不当施针能引发严重副作用。一系列研究表明,针灸可能有助减轻腰痛、颈痛和骨关节炎疼痛,也有可能帮助减少紧张性头痛发生频率并预防偏头痛。

美国国家科学、工程和医学学院也于今年7月发布一份题为《疼痛管理与阿片类药物流行》的报告指出,近几十年来针灸止痛已成为普遍做法,包括针灸在内的一些非药物干预手段是止痛的有力工具。

2015年,美国医疗保健机构凯泽·珀默嫩特公司曾在6000多名会员慢性疼痛患者中开展问卷调查,结果发现,32%的患者接受了针灸治疗,47%的患者接受了整脊治疗,21%的患者说同时使用这两种疗法。

研究第一作者、凯泽·珀默嫩特公司健康研究中心的查尔斯·埃尔德对新华社记者说,针灸是帮助治疗慢性肌肉骨骼疼痛的一种重要手段,有越来越多的科学证据支持使用针灸止痛。因为慢性疼痛很难治疗,所以针灸治疗就显得很重要。

“通常我们使用的药物效果不佳或者副作用太大,所以医生和患者都期待替代疗法,”埃尔德说,“针灸的作用应该在我们的医保体系里继续增强,这将很有意义。比如,俄勒冈州现在要求医疗保险覆盖包括针灸在内的补充医学方法治疗背痛患者。我预计我们将来会看到更多这样的要求。”

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