Feeds:
Posts
Comments

Archive for the ‘Acupuncture history in America’ Category

A new article was published by the Journal of Medical Acupuncture in (August 2016) Volume 28, Number 4, 2016.

Heming Zhu, Heidi Most. Dry Needling Is One Type of Acupuncture. Medical Acupuncture 2016; 28(4):1-10. DOI: 10.1089/acu.2016.1187

Zhu H, Most H. Dry Needling is one type of acupuncture. Med Acupunct 2016 28

ABSTRACT
Background: Acupuncture has been practiced in Western countries for more than 40 years. One type of needling therapy termed dry needling has gained popularity rapidly since 2000. However a strong debate and conflict exists between proponents of dry needling by physical therapists and proponents of acupuncture.
Objectives: This review explores similarities and differences between dry needling and acupuncture and provides suggestions for debate and solutions for conflict between nonphysician dry needling practitioners and acupuncturists.
Materials and Methods: This review selected four features of needling technique and explored the similarities and differences between dry needling and acupuncture. The four features were: (1) needles used; (2) target points; (3) action mechanisms; and 4) therapeutic effects. A PubMed search for articles on dry needling and acupuncture for the years spanning 1941 to 2015 was also used to determine how many articles were retrieved
for each topic and how levels of interest in each topic changed.
Results: It was observed that both dry needling and acupuncture shared needles, target points, action mechanisms, and therapeutic effects, and could be used to treat musculoskeletal disease effectively. However, because of a lack of adequate training and good regulation, acupuncturists question the safety of dry needling.
Conclusions: Acupuncture is more inclusive and dry needling is one type of acupuncture when acupuncture needles are used. Collaboration and integration should be strengthened between dry needling practitioners who are not physicians and acupuncturists so that the patients can receive safe and high-quality acupuncture treatment. Five suggestions were proposed for solutions to solve the conflict and debate between dry needling
and acupuncture.
Key Words: Dry Needling, Acupuncture, Trigger Points, Acupoints

Read Full Post »

Article from: http://www.thebestschools.org/rankings/best-acupuncture-schools-us/

Acupuncture relieves pain, promotes healing and addresses a wide range of health problems for millions of people all over the world. Acupuncture, an important component of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), is based on the idea of returning the body to a state of harmony or ideal functioning. Acupuncture rebalances the flow of energy (Qi) in the body. Acupuncture influences human energy through manipulating the meridians of the body, connected energetically with internal organs and systems.

The World Health Organization’s official report titled Acupuncture: Review and Analysis of Reports on Controlled Clinical Trials, specifically listed 28 diseases, symptoms or conditions which acupuncture (through clinical trials) has proved to provide effective treatment. The US National Institutes of Health issued a consensus statement proposing acupuncture as a therapeutic intervention for complimentary medicine. The American Medical Association Journal of Internal Medicine concluded acupuncture effectively reduces chronic pain with few side effects.

Because of acupuncture’s increasing popularity, the number of acupuncture schools has grown over the years. The schools, also known as Traditional Chinese Medicine schools or Traditional Oriental Medicine schools, typically teach the fundamentals and related Western medical subjects.

With numerous institutions offering acupuncture programs, it’s not easy selecting a school. Prospective students may begin their search with schools which received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM).

The Council of Colleges of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine as well as the American Association of Oriental Medicine established ACAOM in 1982 as a not-for-profit organization. The U.S. Department of Education recognizes ACAOM as a “specialized and professional” accrediting agency.

ACAOM has more than 50 schools and colleges with accreditation or candidacy status. All of the schools we selected for our list have received accreditation from ACAOM.

The Best Acupuncture Schools

Factors which influenced our choice of schools making this list as well as their relative order include the following:

  • Quality of faculty, not only as practitioners of acupuncture but also as researchers advancing the field
  • Comprehensiveness of the training program, including hands-on training
  • Internships
  • Success in training students who can lead the field
  • How long the school has been in existence and its reputation for excellence during that time
  • Doctoral program in acupuncture, not required but a plus for a school

The Best Acupuncture Schools in the United States

1Oregon College of Oriental Medicine

(Portland, Oregon)Oregon College of Medicine

Established in 1983, Oregon College of Oriental Medicine (OCOM) is one of the oldest Chinese medicine colleges in the nation. OCOM integrates classical theory with a modern practical approach to health and wellness. The college, known for research, has received research grants from the National Institutes of Health/National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. The Research Department’s partners include the University of Arizona, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland State University, Legacy Health System and Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research.

Oregon College of Oriental Medicine offers a Master of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine and a Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine degrees.

Students receive a foundation in Chinese herbal medicine, acupuncture, qi cultivation and therapeutic massage as well as a focus on the collaboration between Western biomedicine and Chinese medicine.

The college infuses the master’s and doctoral curricula with research literacy and appreciation.

The Master of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (MAOM) degree program includes coursework and training in the practice and theory of herbal medicine, acupuncture, nutrition, exercise, therapeutic massage and more. The program also includes courses in anatomy, physiology, community health and practitioner/patient dynamics.

Full-time students can earn their master’s degree in 36 months. Students complete 3,334.5 hours – 214.86 credits – for their degree, including 994.5 hours of clinical education.

Students receive clinical training at the college’s clinic and at off-campus centers. They also complete 32 hours of a Community Health Externship at Hooper Center, Project Quest and Old Town Clinic.

The Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (DAOM) program, a clinically focused postgraduate degree program which leads to a clinical doctorate degree, consists of 1,221 hours — 48.6 credits, including 670 clinical hours and 551 classroom hours. Designed for practitioners who want to earn the degree while maintaining a practice, the program features 20 intensive teaching modules over 24 months. Most modules occur Friday to Monday and include classroom content and clinical work. Between modules, students complete independent study assignments and homework, reading assignments, clinical case studies and more.

The Doctor of Acupuncture program includes two specializations – Aging Adults and Women’s Health. Students complete one year on each specialization.

Students also complete three 60-hour Clinical Selectives – externships, special clinical studies, writing skills development or supervision skills development, as well as a capstone project.

Oregon College of Oriental Medicine conducts research and treats patients at two Portland clinics and also operates an herbal medicinary, where master’s degree students get hands-on experience during their Herbal Practicum.

The Master of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine and the Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine degrees received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM).

Admission requirements: Applicants for the master’s degree program must complete three years – or 135 quarter credits/90 semester credits – at an accredited institution.

Doctoral program applicants must hold a master’s degree or diploma in acupuncture or Oriental medicine from an ACAOM-accredited college or school or the international equivalent. They also must have training in herbal medicine.

2Emperor’s College School of Traditional Oriental Medicine

(Santa Monica, California)EmperorsCollege

Emperor’s College School of Traditional Oriental Medicine, founded in 1983, is one of the oldest acupuncture schools in the United States. The college is known for having one of the most distinguished faculties among Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine schools in the nation, its robust veterans clinical outreach program, and for the comprehensiveness of its programs, offering in-depth study in every major acupuncture style. The school is unique in offering a “qi cultivation” component which includes all five major styles of tai chi and several qi gong forms.

The Emperor’s College teaching clinic, open to the public, offers a one-to-one intern-to-patient ratio and reports more than 15,000 patient visits a year.

The school has a robust civic engagement program. Los Angeles County issued Emperor’s College a special commendation for its work with the Los Angeles homeless veteran’s community. The 2015 Special Olympics World Games selected the college, its alumni, faculty, and Master’s and Doctoral students to be the sole provider of holistic wellness services to the over 7,000 athletes and coaches representing 165 nations from around the world.

The school’s alumni have gone on to practice in and perform advanced integrative research at western medical hospitals and clinics, open private practices around the world, write for important publications, and serve in senior administrative positions at Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine schools.

Emperor’s College School of Traditional Oriental Medicine offers Master of Traditional Oriental Medicine and Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine degree options. Both programs focus on preparing professional healthcare providers who can integrate Eastern and Western medical knowledge.

Students receive a foundation in the theory, history, diversity and philosophy of Oriental medicine as well as hands-on experience in the diagnosis and treatment of patients in various practice settings.

The four-year Master of Traditional Oriental Medicine (MTOM) degree program consists of 3,210 instructional hours or 970 hours of internship and 224 didactic units. Students can also take the program on a part-time basis and finish in up to eight years.

Emperor’s College School of Traditional Oriental Medicine offers its curriculum year-round with 11-week quarters.

The Master of Traditional Oriental Medicine degree program includes courses in acupuncture, biomedicine, Oriental medicine, Western nutrition and Chinese herbal medicine.

Students complete clinical training in an on-campus acupuncture clinic and training in Western medical center such as the Roy and Patricia Disney Family Cancer Center and the Venice Family Clinic, a Federally-qualified community health center.

The Master’s degree program provides concentrations such as Classical Acupuncture, Korean Acupuncture, Japanese Acupuncture and Nei Gong. Master’s degree students can also tailor the degree to their personal and professional goals through electives such as advanced herbal medicine, advanced tai chi, classical Chinese medicine and advanced qi gong.

The Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (DAOM) degree program offers a dual specialization in physical medicine and internal medicine.

The DAOM curriculum includes advanced training in all aspects of TCM/Oriental medicine and within two specialty areas, applicable biomedical science and advanced patient assessment, diagnosis and treatment.

The 1,250-hour curriculum consists of 600 hours of didactic instruction and 650 hours of advanced clinical rotations.
Designed for working acupuncturists, classes meet Thursday to Sunday once a month for 22 consecutive months.

Students complete clinical hours through internships, preceptorships and mentorships. During clinical hours, students incorporate community service with educational support to the master’s degree interns.

The program follows a cohort model; students receive instruction in reproductive medicine, cardiology, oncology, sports medicine, stroke rehabilitation and more.

Doctoral students also complete a capstone project.

The Master of Traditional Oriental Medicine degree program and the Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine degree program have received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM). The California Acupuncture Board also approved the college. Its master’s degree graduates can sit for the California Acupuncture Licensing Exam. Graduates can also sit for the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine exam.

Admission requirements: Emperor’s College prefers applicants hold a bachelor’s degree or at least an associate’s degree or have 60 semester units of general education from a regionally accredited degree-granting university or college. The college also allows applicants to earn educational requirements through assessments such as the American College Testing Proficiency Program, the U.S. Armed Forces Institute Program or College Advanced Placement.

Doctoral program applicants must hold a master’s degree or completed a master’s level program in Oriental medicine from an ACAOM-accredited or –candidate institution, or the foreign equivalent. Applicants also must hold current clinical license or credentials in their state, province or country of residence as well as current CPR/AED and first aid certification.

Emperor’s College School of Traditional Oriental Medicine may also grant acceptance to the DAOM program based on an applicant’s clinical practice and examinations.

3New England School of Acupuncture

(Newton, Massachusetts)new-england-school-of-acupuncture

New England School of Acupuncture (NESA), founded in 1975, was the first acupuncture school in the nation. NESA is part of the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences. NESA, known for its research program, is a National Institutes of Health-supported Developmental Center for Research in Complementary and Alternative Medicine. The New England School of Acupuncture has received more than $5 million in grants.

The school offers two master’s degree programs with multiple track options.

Students can focus on acupuncture and earn a Master in Acupuncture (MAc) degree or combine acupuncture with Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM) for a Master’s in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (MAOM) degree.

Regardless of their chosen degree, all students complete a core curriculum in Chinese Acupuncture Styles. The program provides students with a foundation in Eastern and Western approaches to medicine and includes core courses in medical theory, diagnostic and treatment skills of traditional Chinese medicine.

Students can tailor the degree to their personal goals with several track options — Pain Management, Chinese Herbal Medicine, Japanese Acupuncture Styles or a combination. Students also can choose to complete a certificate program in pain management along with another track. NESA is a leader in Japanese acupuncture education in the United States.

The Pain Management track provides students with an understanding of Western and Eastern approaches to pain and allows students to earn dual master’s degrees from the New England School and Tufts University School of Medicine.

Master in Acupuncture students complete nine internship rotations for 630 clinical training hours and must perform 250 documented treatments and evaluate 50 patients.

Master in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine students complete 10 internship rotations for 720 clinical training hours and must perform 350 treatments, treat 50 patients and write 75 Chinese herbal prescriptions.

Students complete internships in the school’s Teaching Center and biomedical partner facilities in the Boston area. They also can choose from more than 60 assistantship sites.

Full-time students can complete the Chinese Acupuncture Styles program in 33 months, the Chinese Herbal Medicine program in 36 months, the dual program (Chinese Herbal Medicine and Japanese Acupuncture Styles) in 36 months and the Pain Management program in 33 months.

The Master’s degree in Acupuncture and the Master’s degree in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM). New England Schools of Acupuncture received authorization from the Massachusetts Department of Higher Education to grant master’s degrees in acupuncture, and acupuncture and oriental medicine.

Admission requirements: Applicants must hold a baccalaureate-level degree from an accredited institution.

4American College of Traditional Chinese Medicine

(San Francisco, California)American College of Traditional Chinese Medicine

The American College of Traditional Chinese Medicine (ACTCM), founded in 1980, merged with the California Institute of Integral Studies, also based in San Francisco, in 2015. The college attracts students from all over the world. ACTCM has one of the largest TCM libraries in the United States.

Several faculty members have served in leadership roles for the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.

ACTCM offers master and doctoral degrees in Traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture.

The college operates the Acupuncture & Herbal Clinic and provides presentations and lectures about Chinese medicine and the integration of Eastern and Western medicine.

The American College of Traditional Chinese Medicine offers two programs for those beginning careers in Chinese medicine – the Master of Science in Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Doctorate in Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine. Students who are licensed or already practice in the field can pursue a Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine degree, while those seeking to bridge the gap between the master’s and doctoral programs can pursue the Transitional Doctorate.

Programs include instruction in acupuncture, herbal therapy, diet, massage, meditation and physical exercise.

Students intern at the college’s Acupuncture & Herbal Clinic, the Auricular Clinic and specialized clinical sites in the Bay area – including Lifelong Berkeley Primary Care, California Pacific Medical Center and the Center for Somatic Psychotherapy.

Students can also study abroad in China – two to six weeks at Zhejiang Chinese Medical University in Hangzhou or three months at Henan University.

The comprehensive Master of Science in Traditional Chinese Medicine (MSTCM) degree program emphasizes hands-on clinical training as well as theories, medicinal uses of Chinese herbs, diagnostic skills and acupuncture technique. Full-time students can complete the program in 12 semesters over four years.

The First Professional Doctorate of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine degree incorporates the master’s curriculum with advanced training in integrative, patient-centered care and research literacy. The degree is designed for individuals who seek to enter the acupuncture and Chinese medical field at the doctoral level who do not have prior training in acupuncture and Chinese medicine. Students can complete the 192-unit program in four years.

The program includes clinical and didactic work in systems-based and integrative medicine and well as advanced study in auricular acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine oncology. The program also includes integrated medicine so graduates can collaborate with other healthcare providers. Students are conferred both the doctorate and a Master of Science in Traditional Chinese Medicine concurrently at graduation.

Designed for licensed acupuncturists who want to focus on integrative medicine and specialize in pain management, the Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (DAOM) degree is open to those who have been practicing for more than 10 years or hold a master’s degree in oriental medicine. The program is designed for licensed acupuncturists who want to focus on integrative medicine, deepen their TCM skills and knowledge and specialize in TCM Pain Management or TCM Women’s Health.

Students can complete the 42.75-credit program in seven semesters with monthly classes from Friday to Monday. The program combines clinical and didactic hours for a total of 1,225 hours.

DAOM students also can take part in externships nationwide and in China. Students can apply their coursework toward the American Academy of Pain Management Credential. Students can complete the 21-unit transitional doctorate program in one year.

The Master in Traditional Chinese Medicine and the clinical Doctorate in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine hold accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM). The college also holds regional accreditation from the Western Association of Schools and Colleges.

Admission requirements: Master of Science in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Doctorate in Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine program applicants must hold three years of undergraduate training. To apply to the Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine program, students must have graduated from an accredited program in Oriental Medicine or its foreign equivalent or have at least 10 years of documented experience, plus formal college training in Oriental medicine and acupuncture. Applicants to the Transitional Doctorate in Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine must hold a Master of Science in Traditional Chinese Medicine from the American College of Traditional Chinese medicine.

5AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine

(Austin, Texas)The AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine

AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine, founded in 1993 helps the community through partnerships with nonprofit organizations and through providing free and reduced-price treatments to people who cannot afford them. The school performs approximately 17,500 patient visits annually in its student and professional clinics. The school hosts the annual Southwest Symposium and offers continuing education opportunities. AOMA works with Western healthcare institutions, such as the Seton Healthcare Family.

AOMA offers Master and Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine degrees.

The Master of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (MAcOM) program consists of 200 credits or 2,898 hours and includes the study of acupuncture studies, biomedical sciences, herbal studies and mind-body/Asian bodywork therapy. Through observation and internship, students spend more than 900 hours on patient contact.

Full-time students can complete the MAcOM program in about four years. The school also offers accelerated and part-time options.

The Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (DAOM) program follows a modular format and combines on-campus residencies with independent study and research. Students can complete the program in two years.

The 74-credits/1,260-hour program includes the study of pain and psychological phenomena; principles of functional and nutritional medicine; neurological, sensory and dermatological pain; and eco-psycho-social pain.

Students spend 252 hours in an externship and 408 hours in an internship.

AOMA offers a study-abroad program in China. The program, offered every two years pending enrollment, is a collaboration with the Chengdu University of Traditional Oriental Medicine.

The school holds accreditation from the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges, Texas State Board of Acupuncture Examiners, and the California Acupuncture Board. The Master of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine and the Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine programs received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.

Admission requirements: Master’s degree applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree, or its equivalent, from an accredited institution with a minimum 2.5 grade point average in the last 60 hours of study. The school may consider applicants who have completed 90 baccalaureate-level semester credits. Transfer students must have completed at least 60 semester credits with a minimum overall grade point average of 2.5.

Doctoral candidates must hold a master’s degree from an ACAOM-accredited program, demonstrated scholastic achievement by a minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.0 in their graduate program and hold a current license – or be eligible to obtain a license – to practice acupuncture in Texas.

6Bastyr University

(Kenmore, Washington)Baster University, Kenmore, Washington

Bastyr University, founded in 1978, enrolls about 1,200 students. The university, which also has a campus in San Diego, CA, offers programs in acupuncture, nutrition, herbal medicine, midwifery and more. Bastyr University includes the Department of Acupuncture & East Asian Medicine and the School of Naturopathic Medicine.

The university’s degree options include combined Bachelor/Master of Science in Acupuncture, combined Bachelor/Master of Science in Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine, Master of Science in Acupuncture, Master of Science in Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine and Doctor of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine degrees. Students also can complete a certificate in Chinese Herbal Medicine.

The university’s comprehensive approach to Oriental medicine and acupuncture prepares students to work with Western medicine practitioners. Graduates can integrate Western and Eastern paradigms of medicine. Bastyr University also conducts research in oncology and integrative neuroscience.

All students complete a minimum of 400 patient contacts and 44 preceptor hours observing and shadowing acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine practitioners.

Students can complete clinical hours at the university’s teaching clinic — Bastyr Center for Natural Health in Seattle, as well as at community care clinics which provide care to immigrant communities, low-income residents and seniors.

Students who completed at least two years at the undergraduate level can earn their bachelor’s degree along with their Master’s in Acupuncture or Master’s in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.

The Master in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (MAOM) program includes the same classroom and clinical training as the Master’s in Acupuncture program as well as Chinese medical language and Chinese herbal medicine.

MAOM students complete 1,356 clinical training hours, while Master’s in Acupuncture students complete 828 hours. Master’s degree students can study abroad at one of Bastyr’s sister schools in Shanghai or Chengdu, China. Full-time students can complete the acupuncture program in about three years or the acupuncture and Oriental medicine program in about 3.5 years.

Master’s degree students can sit for the National Commission for the Certification of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine board exam.

The Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (DAOM) program allows students to deepen their understanding of Chinese medical classes and apply the treatment principles to clinical practice. The program integrates biomedical and Chinese medicine concepts with an emphasis on pain management.

The DAOM program consists of 1,218 hours didactic and clinical hours. Students complete their 650 clinical hours through hands-on internships, preceptors and clinical theory. Doctoral students also can choose to take part in a China externship. They also must complete a capstone project. Bastyr University offers the program in a weekend-intensive format over two years.

The university is a member of the Council of Colleges of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine and the American Association of Naturopathic Medical Colleges.

Bastyr University holds accreditation from the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities.

The Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine program received accreditation from the Council on Naturopathic Medical Education. The Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine provides accreditation to the Master of Science in Acupuncture, Master of Science in Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine and Doctor of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine degree programs.

Admissions requirements: Applicants for the combined bachelor/master degree programs must hold 90 quarter credits with a minimum 2.75 grade point average and a grade “C” or better in all basic proficiency and science requirement classes.

Applicants for the master’s degree programs must hold a bachelor’s degree with a “C” or better in prerequisite course work and experience with acupuncture.

Doctoral applicants must hold a master’s degree or its equivalent from an accredited acupuncture school and be licensed in their home state or Washington state.

7Five Branches University

(Santa Cruz, California)Five Branches University

Five Branches University, founded in 1984, operates two campuses in California – in Santa Cruz and San Jose. The university provides programs related to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and integrative medicine. Five Braches University is known for its herbology department.

Designed for students interested in developing a practice focused on acupuncture – including licensed Western medical practitioners, the Master of Acupuncture (MAc) program includes academic and clinical training.

The university offers the master’s programs in English at both campuses. The three-year professional degree program consists of 2,256 hours and 119.25 units. Five Branches University offers the curriculum on a semester basis with clinical training during the summer term.

The MAc curriculum includes Traditional Chinese Medicine theory, herbology, acupuncture and clinical medicine; and Western medicine.

The MAc program prepares graduates to be primary healthcare providers with skills of four branches of Traditional Chinese Medicine: Tui Na massage, acupuncture, Chinese dietary medicine and energetics and the integrative components of Western medicine.

Students can complete clinical hours through externships at a variety of settings such as Highland Hospital in Oakland, Janus, Mental Health Client Action Network, a veteran’s clinic, a community clinic or a private practice.

Five Branches University also offers international externships at one of its five sister schools in Taiwan, China or Korea.

Master’s degree students also take part in a Career Development Fair to demonstrate their knowledge of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).

The degree also fulfills requirements for the National Acupuncture Certification Exam.

Individuals who want to practice in California and are not licensed Western medical practitioners must complete the MTCM program, which includes Chinese herbal medicine and acupuncture studies.

The Master in Traditional Chinese Medicine (MTCM) program includes coursework in the “five branches” of traditional Chinese medicine: Tui Na massage, herbology, acupuncture, Chinese dietary medicine and energetics. The program also incorporates Western medical studies, such as Western diagnosis and pharmaceuticals. MTCM students also can earn specialty certifications in Medical Qigong, Sports Medicine, Five Element Acupuncture and Tui Na Massage.

The dual-degree Doctor and Master of Traditional Chinese Medicine program, a four-year graduate professional degree program, consists of 3,435 hours and 195.5 units.

Students earn the doctoral degree and also receive the master’s degree needed to sit for licensing and certification exams. The university offers the program on a trimester basis in Chinese and English, but only the English program holds accreditation.

The program incorporates herbology, energetics, Chinese dietary medicine and acupuncture with components of Western medicine.

Students must perform at least 350 patient treatments during clinical training. Students can complete a portion of their clinical hours through externships in private practice or community clinic settings. The university also offers study abroad options at five sister schools in Taiwan, China and Korea.

Five Branches University also offers a Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine program, designed for licensed acupuncturists seeking to develop advanced skills in traditional Chinese medicine and earn a medical specialization. The university offers the 1,280-hour program at its San Jose campus in English and Chinese.

The Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine program consists of 582 didactic hours and 698 clinical hours.

Five Branches University offers the courses during monthly three to four day weekend intensives with a flexible clinical training schedule.

Students can complete the DAOM program in 24 months.

The doctoral program includes the Western and Traditional Chinese Medicine perspective of a TCM practice.

Students can complete clinical training in the university’s health centers, community clinics and hospitals affiliated with its sister colleges in China.

Students also complete a capstone project.

Doctoral students can tailor the degree to their personal and professional goals through completing a specialization in Neuromuscular Medicine and Pain Management, Women’s Health and Endocrinology, Auricular Medicine or Cerebro-Cardiovascular Disease.

Upon completing the program, students can opt to attend an extra year of study – partially in China — to earn a Ph.D. from one of the university’s sister colleges: Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine or Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

The university operates clinics in San Jose and Santa Cruz.

Five Branches University has received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.
Admission requirements: Master’s degree candidates must have completed 90 semester credits of general education from a regionally accredited institution with at least a 2.75 grade point average. Doctoral candidates must hold a master’s degree in Traditional Chinese Medicine or Oriental Medicine from an accredited program.

8Maryland University of Integrative Health

(Laurel, Maryland)Maryland University of Integrative Health

Founded in 1974 as an acupuncture clinic, the acupuncture school established in 1981. Maryland University of Integrative Health (MUHI) offers programs in acupuncture and Oriental medicine, health and wellness coaching, herbal medicine, nutrition and integrative health, health promotion, and Yoga Therapy.

The university offers degrees such as Master of Oriental Medicine, Master of Acupuncture, Doctor of Oriental Medicine and Doctor of Acupuncture.

The university also offers integrative health consultations and treatment in its Natural Care Center.

Both the Master of Acupuncture and the Master of Oriental Medicine programs combine classroom teaching with clinical experience. The Oriental Medicine curriculum also integrates a concentration in the study of Chinese herbs.

Master’s degree students develop an understanding of the classical and theoretical foundations of acupuncture and Oriental medicine with a focus on the Eight Principle treatment strategies and the Constitutional Five Element Acupuncture tradition. Students also receive instruction in biomedicine from a holistic and integrative perspective.

The flexible, full-time format consists of two days each week with occasional intensives, online courses, and electives. Students complete 250 treatments in the Natural Care Center. Oriental Medicine students also complete 210 hours in the Chinese Herbs clinic.

Acupuncture students also can specialize in a clinical area such as women’s health or pain management or choose to deepen their understanding of Constitutional Five Element Acupuncture.

The Doctor of Acupuncture program provides students with a foundation in practice management as well as an understanding of the theoretical and classical foundations of Oriental medicine and acupuncture, and biomedicine from a holistic perspective.

The Doctor of Oriental Medicine degree program integrates the Doctor of Acupuncture curriculum with a concentration in Chinese herbs.

Both first-professional doctoral programs build on the competencies of the Master of Oriental Medicine program in addition to 28 doctoral-specific competencies, including systems-based medicine, research literacy and enhanced clinical training.

Students can enter with a bachelor’s degree and complete the doctorate in four years and four months. They also can earn their master’s degree while completing the doctorate program.

The hybrid programs include on-campus and online courses.

Students train at the on-campus clinic and off-campus community clinics. They also must pass a comprehensive exam, complete 310 treatments, and a research paper. Students in the Doctor of Oriental Medicine program also must complete 210 hours in the Chinese herb clinic.

The university also offers post-baccalaureate certificates in Chinese herbs and medical herbalism.

Maryland University of Integrative Health holds accreditation from the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.

The university’s Master of Acupuncture program and the Master of Oriental Medicine program have received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.

Admissions requirements: All applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution.

9 Northwestern Health Sciences University

(Bloomington, Minnesota)Northwestern Health Sciences University

Northwestern Health Sciences University, a private, non-profit university, enrolls about 870 students. Founded in 1941 as Northwestern College of Chiropractic, the university added acupuncture, Oriental medicine and massage programs in 1999.

The university is home to two colleges – Chiropractic, and Health and Wellness. The university offers a host of degree and certificate options including human biology, acupuncture, Oriental medicine and therapeutic massage.

The school emphasizes clinical training, hands-on skill building as well as a foundation in Eastern tradition and modern science. The school provides one clinical faculty member for every three interns. The core faculty members are from China or studied with masters in China.

The Master of Acupuncture program includes training in cultural foundations of traditional Chinese medicine, point location, acupuncture treatment principles, Tui Na and biomedical clinical sciences.

Students also complete 150 hours of observation/assistantship and 525 hours of supervised clinical practice.

Students can complete the Master’s degree in Acupuncture program in eight trimesters.

The Master of Oriental Medicine program, similar to the acupuncture program, includes instruction in traditional Chinese herbal medicine and herbal dispensary management. The program includes a clinical herbal internship.

Students must complete 150 hours of observation/assistantship and 720 hours of supervised clinical practice.

Students can complete the Master’s degree in Oriental Medicine program in nine trimesters.

Students gain clinical training experience performing treatments on the public at one of the university’s clinical internship sites, such as Abbott Northeastern Hospital – Penny George Institute for Health and Healing, Regions Hospital, University of Minnesota, Woodwinds Hospital, Pathways Minneapolis, Salvation Army Harbor Light Natural Care Center, the Aliveness Project and, Cerenity Senior Care Center.

The Wolfe-Harris Center for Clinical Studies serves as the university’s complementary and alternative medicine clinical research division.

The university also offers an herbal medicine certificate.

Students can enroll in either master’s degree program in January or September.

Northwestern Health Sciences University holds accreditation from the Higher Learning Commission. Its Master in Acupuncture and Master in Oriental Medicine degree programs also received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM).

Admission requirements: Applicants must hold at least 60 semester credits from an accredited institution with a minimum 2.5 grade point average.

10Pacific College of Oriental Medicine-San Diego

(San Diego, California)Pacific College of Oriental Medicine San Diego

Pacific College of Oriental Medicine San Diego (PCOM-SD), founded in 1986, provides students training in an integrative medicine approach, learning from Eastern and Western medicine theories and practices. The college also has campuses in New York City and Chicago. The college has received research grants from the National Institutes of Health and Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute.

Students receive training at the professional acupuncture clinic which includes an herbal dispensary. Students have the opportunity to gain experience through off-site externships, located at hospitals, clinics, and designated treatment sites. Students have opportunities to treat the general public during various health and wellness events. Students also have access to an extensive library of Oriental Medicine.

Pacific College students receive instruction in traditional Oriental medical theory and techniques, herbal medicine, Tui Na, and acupuncture points and meridians, as well as pharmacology, nutrition and anatomy.

Students also can enroll in the college’s massage programs and earn a massage license while pursuing a master’s or doctorate in acupuncture.

The Master of Science in Traditional Oriental Medicine (MSTOM) program combines Asian medicine with a foundation in Western medicine. The four-year program consists of 191.5 units and 3,510 credit hours of clinical practice and theory. Courses include: acupuncture points, anatomy and physiology, herbology, Eastern nutrition and auricular acupuncture.

Graduates can sit for the California, state licensure exams and national certification exams.

Pacific College also offers a doctoral completion program for alumni of its master’s degree programs to receive an entry-level Doctor of Acupuncture (DAc) or Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (DAOM) degree.

Course topics include evidence-informed practice, collaborative care, systems-based medicine and advanced integrative diagnostics.

The Post-Graduate Doctor of Oriental Medicine and Acupuncture program consists of 1,257.5 hours and 63.5 credits over six semesters.

Students must complete 21 units of clinical courses.

Course topics include family medicine, application of Chinese classics and evidence-based medicine.

The college also offers a certificate in Chinese herbology, which students can complete in six semesters.

Pacific College of Oriental Medicine holds accreditation from the WASC Senior College and University Commission. The Master of Science in Traditional Oriental Medicine and the Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine programs received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.

Admission requirements: Master’s degree applicants must hold an associate’s degree or at least 60 semester credits from an accredited institution. Doctoral program applicants must hold a master’s degree or completed a master’s-level program in Oriental medicine or acupuncture from an accredited institution, earned at least a 3.0 grade point average and hold an acupuncture license.

11American College of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine

(Houston, Texas)American College of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine

Founded in 1991, the American College of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine (ACAOM) offers master’s programs in acupuncture and Oriental medicine, integrative healthcare leadership and integrative wellness management, a doctorate in acupuncture and Oriental medicine as well as a certificate in Chinese herbal medicine. ACAOM integrates Western and Eastern medicine to provide students with a strong background in holistic medicine and natural health.

The college has six sister schools in Taiwan and China and collaborates with Houston Methodist Hospital Healthcare System. The college also operates a clinic, which treats about 1,000 patients each month.

The 163-semester-credit Master in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine program consists of didactic courses and clinical training. Course topics include herbology, tai chi, Tui Na, biomedical sciences and integrated medicine studies.

Students can complete the program in four years. The college offers most courses in the evening, and clinical training during weekdays and Saturdays.

The 60-semester-credit Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine program provides students with extensive knowledge in the classics of Oriental medicine and acupuncture.

The program features courses in herbal medicine, research methodology and acupuncture as well as specialized training in herbal medicine and acupuncture as it relates to gynecology.

Students take part in clinical internships and rotations as well as dissertation and research.

ACAOM offers the program in a modular format with courses one weekend per month.

Students can complete the program in two years.

The Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges provides accreditation to the American College of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine. The Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine also provides accreditation to the college’s Master of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine program.

Admissions requirements: Master’s degree applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree or its equivalent from an accredited college or university with an undergraduate grade point average of 2.5 or a 3.0 grade point average in the last 60 semester hours.

Doctoral applicants must hold a master’s degree in Oriental medicine or acupuncture from an accredited college with at least a 3.0 grade point average.

12Atlantic Institute of Oriental Medicine

(Ft. Lauderdale, Florida)Atlantic Institute of Oriental Medicine, Ft Lauderdale, Florida

Founded in 1994, the Atlantic Institute of Oriental Medicine (ATOM) offers a Master’s in Oriental Medicine program and a Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine as well as continuing education programs. ATOM’s clinically based curriculum provides students with a biomedical foundation they can apply to Oriental medical practice. Most of the instructors have backgrounds in both Western and Traditional Chinese Medicine. Most of the DAOM visiting, adjunct faculty have backgrounds in TCM and Western medicine. Most of them have senior positions with TCM educational institutions in China.

The Master in Oriental Medicine program includes Western and Eastern medicine topics such as internal diseases of traditional Chinese medicine, scalp acupuncture and Western pathology. The program consists of 3,232 hours and 183.47 credit hours. Offered on a trimester system, students can complete the program in about four years.

Students complete a clinical practicum.

The university offers day and evening classes three or four days each week with a flexible schedule for clinic internships.

Graduates can sit for the Florida licensure exam and the national certification exam.

Students can apply a portion of the master’s-level curriculum toward a bachelor’s degree in health sciences. The university confers both degrees at the completion of the four-year master’s degree program.

Designed for Oriental medicine professionals and acupuncturists, the Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine program includes training in advanced clinical intervention, advanced patient assessment, consultation skills and clinical supervision.

The professional doctoral program consists of 1,236 hours – 576 didactic hours and 660 clinical hours – over two years.

The curriculum includes courses in acupuncture, pediatrics and therapeutic manipulation as well as gastroenterology and neurology – from biomedical and TCM perspectives. Students also complete a capstone project.

The university offers monthly classes from Friday to Monday. The classes are in English.
Doctoral students attend a one-day training experience at the Miami Anatomical Research Center’s cadaver lab and complete an internship with doctors at the ATOM Student Clinic.

ATOM and the International Education College of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinses Medicine (IECSHUTCM) have an articulation agreement which provides students in ATOM’s DAOM program the opportunity to pursue the IECSHUTCM Ph.D. program in Traditional Chinses Medicine.

Students have the opportunity to complete an apprenticeship with healthcare professionals.

The university operates the ATOM Intern Clinic and has an affiliation with the Light of the World Clinic.

The Florida Commission for Independent Education has licensed Atlantic Institute of Oriental Medicine to confer degrees.

The institute’s professional Master of Oriental Medicine program and the Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine program have received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.

Admission requirements: Master’s degree applicants must hold at least 60 semester credits, including 19 hours in general education/liberal arts subjects. Doctoral program applicants must hold a master’s degree or have completed a master’s-level program in Oriental medicine from an accredited program.

13Pacific College of Oriental Medicine-New York

(New York, New York)Pacific College of Oriental Medicine, New York, New York

Pacific College of Oriental Medicine New York, provides students training in an integrative medicine approach, learning from Eastern and Western medicine theories and practices.

Students obtain training at the professional acupuncture clinic which has an herbal dispensary. Students can gain experience through off-site externships, located at hospitals, clinics, and designated treatment sites. The college also provides an extensive library of Oriental Medicine.

The Master of Science in Traditional Oriental Medicine (MSTOM) program combines Asian medicine with a foundation in Western medicine. The four-year program consists of 191.5 units and 3,510 credit hours of clinical practice and theory.

MSTOM program courses include: acupuncture points, anatomy and physiology, herbology, Eastern nutrition, and auricular acupuncture.

The Master in Acupuncture degree program focuses on acupuncture and Oriental medicine to achieve health and well-being. Students choose to focus on either traditional or classical Oriental medicine.

The three or four-year program consists of 172.5 units or 3,232.5 credit hours of theory and practice.

Courses include: anatomy and physiology, Tui Na hand and structural techniques, needle technique, and auricular acupuncture.
Graduates can sit for the New York state licensure exam and national certification exams.

The Master of Science in Traditional Oriental Medicine and the Master in Acupuncture programs received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.

Admission requirements: Master’s degree applicants must hold an associate’s degree or at least 60 semester credits from an accredited institution.

14Tri-State College of Acupuncture

(New York, New York)tri-state-college-of-acupuncture-boost

Established in 1979, Tri-State College of Acupuncture integrates classical traditions and modern approaches in acupuncture training and provides continuing education for biomedical professionals and acupuncturists. The college offers Master of Science in Acupuncture and Master of Science in Oriental Medicine degrees as well as a Chinese herbology certificate program.

Tri-State College of Acupuncture serves the public through its partnerships with community health centers and hospitals as well as acupuncture and Chinese herbal clinics.

The three-year Master in Acupuncture program provides students with hands-on training in three styles of acupuncture – Traditional Chinese Medicine, Acupuncture Physical Medicine and Japanese Acupuncture.

Designed to provide students with a well-rounded education in classical Chinese medicine, the curriculum emphasizes the meridian perspective and the use of palpation for treatment and diagnosis with training in qi gong, cupping and gua sha. Students also gain an integrated perspective through courses in Western biomedical theory.

Students take part in clinical practice classes, where they give and receive treatments, and work in the college’s on-site Community Clinic. They also complete a clinical internship.

Students develop a comprehensive business plan and take courses in business, ethics and legal issues.

The 114.1 credit/2,196-hour program prepares students for the NCCAOM national board exams and licensure in New Jersey, New York and Connecticut.

The college limits program enrollment to 55 students per year.

The four-year Master in Oriental Medicine program combines the acupuncture program with 810 hours of training in botany, Chinese herbology and nutrition.

Most students complete the Masters in Acupuncture, transfer into the Oriental Medicine program with advanced standing and complete an herbal clinical internship and Chinese herbology courses.

Students who hold a master’s level degree in acupuncture from another accredited institution can take the 810-hour course and earn the Advanced Certificate in Chinese Herbology.

The Oriental Medicine program allows students advanced study in gynecology, dermatology, and musculoskeletal and channel dysfunction. The curriculum includes Asian dietary theory, Western and Eastern nutrition, and classical theories and texts.

Students complete an internship in the college’s Herbal Community Clinic and present complex clinical cases.

Admissions requirements: Applicants must hold an associate’s degree – or 60 semester credits — from an accredited institution with a minimum 2.5 grade point average.

Tri-State College of Acupuncture also offers a Postgraduate Clinical Affiliations Program, which allows licensed graduates the chance to work in community-based health programs throughout New York City. Externs take part in a six-month acupuncture rotation and receive educational seminars via conference call.

Students can earn continuing education credits through the tuition-free program.

Master in Acupuncture and the Master in Oriental Medicine programs hold accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.

15Texas Health and Science University

(Austin, Texas)Texas Health and Science University

Texas Health and Science University, founded in 1990, offers programs in acupuncture and traditional Chinese medicine, business, and English as a Second Language. The university also has a branch campus in San Antonio and operates Student Intern and Professional clinics in Austin as well as the Acupuncture Health Clinic in San Antonio.

Texas Health and Science University has several sister schools in China and Taiwan and offers a dual degree program with Zhejiang Chinese Medical University.

Through its College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, students can pursue Bachelor in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Master in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, a combined Master in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine and Master of Business Administration or MBA in Healthcare Management, and Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine degrees.

All students must treat at least 350 patients in the university’s Student Intern Clinic.

The Bachelor in Traditional Chinese Medicine program, open to students who have completed general education requirements at another school, includes courses in Chinese terminology and phonetics, point location, biomedical concepts and Western medical history, reflexology and herbology.

Students transfer at least 60 credits and complete 70 credits/1,125 hours at Texas Health. Students must complete the program in six trimesters.

The Master’s in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine degree program includes courses in Qi Gong, herbology, diagnosis, and anatomy and physiology.

Students also complete more than 700 clinical internship hours.

Students must complete internship hours and coursework in 15 trimesters.

The university also offers a combined Master in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine and Master of Business Administration or MBA in Healthcare Management. The program prepares graduates to manage their own clinics.

Acupuncture program classes meet weekdays, while the MBA program classes meet Saturdays.

The Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine Program provides students with advanced integrative study in pain management.

Students attend classes four days – an intensive weekend – each month for 28 months.

The 59-credit-hour – 1,230-clock-hour – doctoral program consists of 28 modules and includes courses in Western medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, integrative medicine and specialty case studies.

Clinical training includes collaboration, supervision and internship.

Doctoral students also complete a capstone project.

The Dual Master’s degree in Traditional Chinese Medicine – offered in partnership with the International Education College at Zhejiang Chinese Medical University in Zhejiang, China – features instruction and clinical hours in the U.S. and China.

The Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board authorized Texas Health and Science University to award the Master of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine degree.

The university received accreditation from the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools to award master’s degrees and bachelor’s degrees. Texas Health and Science University’s Master’s in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine degree program also received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.

Admissions requirements: Applicants should have 60 semester credits in general education with a minimum 2.0 cumulative grade point average.

Doctoral applicants must hold a master’s degree in Oriental medicine from an accredited school with at least 2,770 clock hours.

16American Academy of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine

(Roseville, Minnesota)American Academy of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine

The American Academy of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine (AAAOM), founded 1997, offers master and doctoral degrees in acupuncture and Oriental Medicine as well as a certificate in massage. Instruction combines fundamental concepts of Western biomedicine and Chinese medicine with an emphasis in the integration of traditional healing practices and Western medicine.

AAAOM has one of the largest TCM libraries in the country. The faculty has jointly published more than 600 articles, books and studies. AAAOM reports to have more than 20 doctoral faculty members. The school also has an extensive clinic network to serve patients in the community.

The academy is affiliated with several medical schools in China, such as its sister school, the Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Jinan, China. Advanced students can continue their studies there at the Ph.D. level or take part in certificate programs. Students also can study or take part in observation at Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Beijing.

Students develop skills in herbal medicine, medical Tui Na massage, dietary therapy, acupuncture, tai chi and qi gong as well as clinical skills through observation and internship.

The 182-credit Master of Science in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (MSAOM) degree emphasizes Chinese herbology and acupuncture.

Students complete 1,740 hours of didactic instruction, 900 hours of clinical observation and training, and 540 hours of bioscience-related material. Students must complete at least 360 treatments and see at least 72 patients.

Students can choose to develop skills in one of these areas of traditional Chinese medicine: Geriatrics, pediatrics, internal medicine, musculo-skeletal disorders, gynecology, neurological disorders, dermatology or sensory organ disorders.

Courses include tai chi, meridians, microbiology, Clinical Chinese herbology and Western medical pathology.

Full-time students can earn the MSAOM degree in 12 trimesters. The school also offers part-time and accelerated options. Designed to prepare graduates to practice traditional Chinese medicine, the 62-credit Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (DAOM) program allows students to develop an understanding of health conditions from the perspective of Western and traditional Chinese medicine.

The 1,260-hour DAOM program emphasizes traditional Chinese medicine neurology, orthopedics, gynecology, oncology and psychiatry.

Doctoral students attend classes Friday to Monday every four weeks for two years.

Students must complete a capstone research project and 660 hours of clinical practicum/training on-campus or at off-campus clinics.

The Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine provides accreditation to the American Academy of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine’s Master of Science in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine program.

Admissions requirements: Master’s degree program applicants must hold at least 60 semester credits at the baccalaureate level, or its equivalent. Doctoral program applicants must hold a master’s degree, or its equivalent, in acupuncture and Oriental medicine from an accredited institution with a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.5.

17New York College of Traditional Chinese Medicine

(Mineola, New York)New York College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Mineola, NY

New York College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, founded in 1996, offers degree programs in acupuncture, Oriental medicine and Chinese herbology as well as a medical Qigong practitioner certificate program. Most of the faculty obtained their training in China and have extensive teaching and clinical experience in China and the United States. The college provides small classes.

The college operates a Teaching Clinic, which offers care to the community and a clinical internship site for students. The college has acupuncture clinics on Long Island and in Manhattan.

New York College of Traditional Chinese Medicine offers most classes on weekends.

The three-year Master in Acupuncture program consists of three strands of courses – acupuncture, Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western biomedical sciences.

The 141-credit program’s curriculum includes theories of Chinese physiology based on the five elements and Yin and Yang, meridians and point location, medical terminology, Western diagnosis and pharmacology.

Students must complete courses in massage, Eastern nutrition, energy work, herbology, and professional ethics. Acupuncture students complete 720 clinical training hours through observation, assistantship and internship.

The college’s four-year Master in Oriental Medicine degree program is similar to the Acupuncture program with an additional strand of courses in Chinese Herbology.

The 184-credit curriculum includes courses in Chinese herbal classics, toxicity and safe use of herbs.

Oriental Medicine students complete 900 clinical training hours through observation, assistantship and internship – including preparing formulas in the herbal pharmacy.

The master’s programs prepare graduates for licensure and practice in New York.

Designed for licensed acupuncturists and those with acupuncture degrees, the Chinese Herbology Certificate Program consists of 510 hours of didactic courses and 360 hours of clinical training over five trimesters.

The New York College of Traditional Chinese Medicine’s Master’s degree in Acupuncture program and Master’s degree in Oriental Medicine programs received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ACAOM).

Admissions requirements: Applicants must have completed 60 undergraduate credits from an accredited institution with a minimum 2.5 grade point average.

18National College of Natural Medicine

(Portland, Oregon)ncnm

Established in 1956, the National College of Natural Medicine is the oldest accredited naturopathic medical college in the nation. The college offers programs in classical Chinese medicine, naturopathic medicine, integrative mental health, integrative medicine research, and nutrition.

The college operates several natural medicine clinics, a medicinary, a laboratory, and the Helfgott Research Institute.

Through the School of Classical Chinese Medicine, students can pursue a Master of Science in Oriental Medicine or a Doctor of Science in Oriental Medicine, which incorporates the master’s program.

Both programs emphasize a “scholar-practitioner” educational style and provide students with a holistic education in Western medicine, classical foundations and training in the clinical applications of Chinese medicine.

The 3,474-hour/ 226-credit Master of Science in Oriental Medicine (MSOM) degree includes courses in acupuncture, body work, nutrition and qigong.

Students can complete the MSOM program in four years. (Students also can enroll in the Master’s in Oriental Medicine and Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine programs concurrently and finish in six years.)

Master’s degree students complete clinical observation hours and a clinical internship.

During the four-year Doctor of Science in Oriental Medicine program, students can fulfill master’s degree competencies and learn to apply ancient knowledge in today’s healthcare system.

The doctoral program emphasizes the application of biomedical knowledge within whole-systems science. Students take part in weekend qigong retreats and complete a capstone project. Doctoral graduates also receive their Master in Oriental Medicine degree.

The National College of Natural Medicine received accreditation from the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities. The college’s Master of Science in Oriental Medicine degree holds accreditation from the Accreditation Commission or Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. The California Board of Acupuncture and the New Mexico Board of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine approved the college’s programs.

Admissions requirements: All applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree or higher from an accredited institution.

19Seattle Institute of Oriental Medicine

(Seattle, Washington)Seattle Institute of Oriental Medicine, Seattle, Washington

The Seattle Institute of Oriental Medicine, founded in 1994, believes in providing small class sizes with hands-on supervision and clinical experience with experienced practitioners in a diverse range of styles along with exposure to medical Chinese language to provide an education in East-Asian medicine. In their first year students assist experienced practitioners every week in the care of patients. The faculty includes instructors trained in approaches from mainland China, Japan, Taiwan and Europe as well as modern and ancient acupuncture and herbal strategies.

Seattle Institute of Oriental Medicine offers Master’s degrees in acupuncture, and acupuncture and oriental medicine, and a Doctor of Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine degree.

The institute operates acupuncture and Chinese herb clinics, acupuncture clinics, massage clinics, faculty clinics and the Greenlake Community Acupuncture Clinic.

The Seattle Institute of Oriental Medicine accepts about 14 students each year into its program.

During their first year of study, students receive a broad foundation in East-Asian medicine – allowing them to make an informed decision as to whether to focus on acupuncture therapies (Master of Acupuncture degree) or acupuncture and herbal therapies (Master of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine degree).

Regardless of the chosen degree option, the curriculum focuses on clinical practice and a deepened understanding of the biomedical perspective of diseases.

Learning in the Master of Acupuncture degree program includes the technical aspect of techniques as well as clinical practice and demonstration of the basic skills for assessment, diagnosis, treatment and referral.

Individuals pursuing the Master’s degree in acupuncture and Oriental medicine receive training in integrated clinics combining acupuncture and herbal medicine. They receive instruction in Chinese herbs, Chinese medical language and Chinese medical classes. They also have weekly clinical preceptorships and help in the herbal dispensary.

All students complete clinical internships in community clinics, drug treatment centers or other facilities.

Students can earn the Master’s degree in Acupuncture in three years; the Master’s in Oriental Medicine and the Doctor of Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine require an additional year.

Doctoral students hone their clinical and communication skills. They also will work with mentors selected by the student and approved by the school.

Designed to prepare graduates for careers as clinicians and educators, the Doctor of Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine program emphasizes clinical specialties, research activities, teaching experience and advanced clinical practice.

The Seattle Institute of Oriental Medicine’s Master in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine and Master in Acupuncture degree programs hold accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.

The Washington State Department of Health recognizes the institute as an approved college of acupuncture and Oriental medicine.

Admissions requirements: Master’s degree applicants must have at least three years of study at the baccalaureate level with a minimum 3.0 grade point average.

20Finger Lakes School of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine of New York Chiropractic College

(Seneca Falls, New York)finger

New York Chiropractic College, founded in 1919, offers master’s degrees in acupuncture, and acupuncture and Oriental medicine through the Finger Lakes School of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine. The campus features a hands-on anatomy lab, an herb garden and dispensary lab.

Designed to prepare graduates for professional clinical practice, the programs provide students with a foundation in Oriental medicine traditions combined with biomedicine instruction.

The 120-credit Master in Acupuncture degree program consists of 2,265 contact hours with didactic and clinical elements.

The curriculum includes instruction in acupuncture, anatomy, Tui Na, nutrition, Tai Ji Chuan, moxibustion, and breathing techniques.

Students complete clinical observation and assistantship as well as a year-long clinical internship.

The 164-credit Master in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine program consists of 3,060 contact hours.

The Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine program includes the Anatomy degree curriculum as well as herbal medicine courses. Students also complete practical training in herb preparation and herb dispensary management.

All students take part in 105 hours of clinical training at various sites, including at the Veteran’s Administration Hospital in Canandaigua, the Campus Health Center and the Seneca Falls Health Center.

The college also offers a China Abroad Program. The two-week course combines didactic and clinical training at the Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Hangzhou, China.

The New York State Education Department of the State University of New York registered New York Chiropractic College’s master degree programs in acupuncture and Oriental medicine.

The Middle States Commission on Higher Education provides accreditation to New York Chiropractic College. The school received accreditation from the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine for its Master in Acupuncture and Master in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine programs.

Admission requirements: Applicants must hold at least 90 semester hours of college credit – including nine credits of bioscience coursework – from an accredited institution with at least a 2.0 grade point average in the bioscience courses and a 2.5 cumulative GPA.

Read Full Post »

Peng ZF, et al. Comparison of Trigger Point Acupuncture and traditional acupuncture. World J Acupunct Moxibustion 2016

Authors: Peng ZF, Nan G, Cheng MN, Zhou K.

Main Points: Trigger point acupuncture (Dry Needling) is from Traditional Acupuncture.

Read Full Post »

Last Updated: 06/15/16
NIH-NCI/OCCAM Conferences 2016

Acupuncture For Cancer Symptom Management

June 16-17, 2016

Meeting Chairs: Farah Zia, MD
Oluwadamilola Olaku, MD, MPH, MRCOG

Overview

The Acupuncture for Cancer Symptom Management Conference is a seminal meeting that builds on two previous events.

In November 1997 The NIH office of Disease Prevention conducted a Consensus Development Conference focusing on acupuncture. The objective of the conference was to provide health care providers, patients, and the general public with a responsible assessment of the use and effectiveness of acupuncture for a variety of conditions.

Some of the conclusions of the conference stated that acupuncture as a therapeutic intervention is widely practiced in the United States. While there have been many studies of its potential usefulness, the results have been equivocal, due to design, sample size, and other factors. The issues are further complicated by inherent difficulties in the use of appropriate controls, such as placebos and sham acupuncture groups. However, some promising results have emerged from the many clinical trials. For example, efficacy of acupuncture has been demonstrated in the adult postoperative patient, chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting, and in postoperative dental pain.

In November 2007, the Society for Acupuncture Research (SAR) hosted an international conference to mark the tenth anniversary of the landmark NIH Consensus Development Conference on Acupuncture. More than 300 acupuncture researchers, practitioners, students, funding agency personnel and health policy analysts from 20 countries attended. The SAR meeting was held at the University Of Maryland School Of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. The implicit goal of the conference was to foster closer ties among investigators active in this expanding field of research.

In building on the foundation laid by the 1997 Consensus Development Conference and the 2007 SAR conference, the objectives of NCI OCCAM’s 2016 Acupuncture for Cancer Symptom Management Conference are:

  1. To determine the current evidence of acupuncture in the management of cancer patients
  2. To determine the symptom(s) with the best evidence of response to acupuncture treatment
  3. To determine the cost effectiveness of acupuncture treatment in the management of cancer patients

We aim to assess the current state of the science of acupuncture for cancer symptom management, determine the current gaps in research, and discuss ways to move research forward on a strong scientific foundation.

View the workshop agenda

Read Full Post »

Fan AY. Ju Gim Shek School 1969

Fan AY,etc. GeneBruno-the begining of Acupuncture JIM 2015Fan AY.Dr. William Prensky-

The birth of the acupuncture profession in the United States (1969–

Fan AY. The legendary life of Dr.Gim Shek Ju LA

Dr. Arthur Fan published a few articles about Dr. Ju Gim Shek and Dr. Tin Yau So, the Fathers of Acupuncture education in the United States.

 

Here, I want to post an email from Mr. Kim Ju, son of Dr. Gim Shek Ju, with his permission.

“Dear Arthur,

     I want to thank you for your article about my father.  I found it interesting to say the least.  I want to tell you that I often think of my father and miss him dearly.  I am so sadden by a man who was so important yet was often alone with his thoughts.  My recollections of him sitting for hours while writing Chinese proverbs and painting.  He was not your typical father, but he understood me and left me to pursue my interest while not asking me to follow in his footsteps.  The last time I saw my father, he was in bad health and lived with my wife and my family before he went to Hong Kong to be with my stepmother.   My memories were of him being an extraordinary doctor.  Yes doctor.  I recall carrying a patient upstairs to our apartment and them walking under their own power down after treatment.  I remember staying with him at the hotel, when he visited us and my mother in Hong Kong.   I think I was spoiled.  I have an indelible image of running to him as he greeted me at LAX in 1966 and then going to Helen Grace to have ice cream.  I remember meeting Benny Benion, the legendary owner of the Horseshoe Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada.  Who I wish I had gotten to know more but had no idea who he was.  Receiving a set of golf clubs from an executive of Northwestern golf clubs.  He was a man who walked around Chinatown wear a cowboy hat, a big belt buckle and cowboy boots.  I later learned that the buckle was a gift from a grateful rodeo rider he had helped in Texas.   He was so proud to meet his grandson, Vincent for the first time over Dim Sum.  He enjoyed life, but was humble to his patients.  Telling them not to come back unless they needed to.  He got me a loan from a bank when I was 18 for my car.  My father taught me the importance of family and to get as close to them as you can.  I am sure he wanted that for me.  Being the only surviving son, I know he is happy that his name will continue through his Grand Children:  Vincent Thomas Ju, Kim Ju Jr., Anthony Robert Ju and Great-grandsons Julian Kim Ju, Noah Anthony Ju and Thomas David Ju.

It is not important to validate or substantiate my father’s written legacy.  To me and I am sure to my sisters, he was BA BA.   For all he did or didn’t do, I still miss him and I loved him.  It wasn’t something you say in Chinese culture.  I didn’t get a chance to tell him that…

Sincerely,

Kim”

Read Full Post »

Dr. Gene Bruno: The beginning of the acupuncture profession in the United States (1969–1979) — acupuncture, medical acupuncture and animal acupuncture | PDF |

Read Full Post »

Dr. Arthur Yin Fan’ s two articles

GLOBAL VIEWS
Nevada: the first state that fully legalized acupuncture and Chinese medicine in the Unites States — In memory of Arthur Steinberg, Yee Kung Lok and Jim Joyce who made it happen
January 19, 2015 | Arthur Yin Fan (doi: 10.1016/S2095-4964(15)60158-3)
ABSTRACT | FULL TEXT | PDF
Title: The earliest acupuncture school of the United States incubated in a Tai Chi Center in Los Angeles
Authors: Arthur Yin Fan
Abstract | Full text | PDF

Read Full Post »

Vote Against SB1457 SA2 – Amendment to allow Physical Therapists to perform non-surgical, medically invasive techniques in Illinois state.

To: WILLIAM E. BRADY

State Senator, 44th District
p. 309.664.4440 f. 309.664.8597

Hi, Bill Brady,

 

1. Dry needling is another name of acupuncture. I stayed in eastern China for about forty years (in Shanghai, Suzhou and Nanjing City, China before 2001), at that region, people call acupuncture Dry needling all the time (esp. Suzhou).

2. Dry needling described by physical therapists in USA actually belongs to one of techniques in acupuncture practice called Ah-yes (Ah Shi) or trigger-point stimulation, which is almost half of acupuncture practice we do everyday.

3. Dry needling use same needles as acupuncturists.

4. Dry needling uses one of languages for acupuncture mechanism explanation. Although acupuncturists use the Qi language, also use western style languages. The language of terms used in Dry needling actually another school of acupuncture.

5. The origin of Dry needling actually from China, after the culture Revolution (1966-1976), there were many (acupuncture) schools/styles. The term or language used in Dry needling was one of them. Using different language to describe the same thing could not as a new stuff. I mean Dry needling is totally acupuncture, not the new stuff other than acupuncture.

6. So, if from the point for protecting the public safety and being fair to each profession which using acupuncture, I strongly suggest physical therapists who like to use so-called Dry needling to spend same learning time/hours as acupuncturists. I mean at least 1,000 hours.

Read Full Post »

南京中医药大学第一任校长—承淡安   http://www.jymxyjy.com.cn/news/list.asp?Unid=813
承淡安(1899一1957)先生,是我国著名的针灸医学家和针灸教育家、近代针灸复兴的杰出代表、现代针灸学科奠基人。曾身为中国科学院学部委员、中华医学会副会长,第二届全国政协委员、南京中医药大学第一任校长。

承淡安,又名澹盒,字启桐,亦字秋梧。1899年9月13日(农历八月初八)诞生在江苏省江阴县华墅镇的一个中医世家。祖父承凤岗专治小儿病及麻痘,在当地颇具名气和威信。父亲承乃盈毕生以外科、幼科、种痘、针灸行其业。父亲性情温顺善良、待人亦至诚恳,虽然业务年年增长,但所接触的都是劳动群众,诊资不计有无,所以经济仍很拮据,生活过得艰难困苦。这些都对承淡安有深刻的影响。

1905年,六岁时,承淡安跟邻居方先生启蒙认字;八岁时又跟查先生学读四书;到十二岁时,读完《礼记》、《左传》、《幼学林》等三十余本书。1910年入华墅坊前龙砂义学读初等三年级。参照民国元年(1912年)《壬子学制》,小学初等4年,高等三年。承淡安读书聪明好学,深谙触类旁通的掌握知识要领,1915年即以各门功课第一的好成绩高小毕业,为此还留在学校当(两年)教员。淡安少小受祖父、父亲医文化熏陶和影响,身为世代名医之后的承淡安,自然是承门中医的唯一继承人。当教员不是父亲盈公的本意,只是想让他历练一下,懂得生活,提升为人素质,承淡安先生求学和从教经历,确实给他打下了坚实的国学基础。当然,承淡安回家仍然要接受爷爷和老爹的医道知识传授。什么中草药、人身穴位……林林总总的医道知识引导着他亦步亦趋迈向中医领域。好在他从父学医悟性很高,甚得祖传绝技精要。1917年,家父盈公让承淡安跟随当地名医瞿简庄先生学习中医内科和外科,从此正式步入医道专业。期间,承淡安读完了《灵素类纂》、陈修园注《伤寒》和《金匮》、华氏《温热经纬》、汪昂《汤头歌诀》、《本草神农经》等医籍,经过三年的刻苦钻研,中医学业猛进,庭训加师传,使他的国医基础坚实而深厚,为以后的针灸学研究奠定了扎实的基础。

走强国之路

1919年,承淡安为寻辟西医学径,游学上海,正赶上“五四运动”在各大城市爆发。“五四运动”是 新民主主义革命 的开始,是中国知识界和青年学生反思中国传统文化,追随 民主 、 科学 ,探索强国之路的思想文化运动。尤其西学东渐的思潮和民主科学思想,对这位青年中医产生了巨大吸引力。初冬,承淡安参加了汪泽办的中西医学函授;翌年,又到上海西医周星一实习,学习西药应用和注射疗法;同时,又学习了灵子术。结束中医入门学习生涯后的时间里,承淡安对医学的兴趣主要集中在西医方面,并参加了一系列的西医学习班。这个时期的承淡安,只要听到有新奇的、又好又快又灵的西医治病方法,总想去学一下,对自己父亲的针灸、挑痧、推拿等传统疗法,有些不以为然。直至1920年秋,患腰痛和失眠的承淡安,连续服用几个月的中西药都未见效,回到江阴后却被父亲用针灸很快治愈,这才改变了他对针灸的一时偏向,转而潜心研习针灸。1921年冬,他与父盈公的“世家业医”在华墅街面开业,一时门庭若市。承淡安先生从《针灸大成》开始,在父亲的指导下,白天行医,晚上读书。还将原先的名字(承启桐),改为承淡安。在诊疗中,他发现许多 疑难病 症用中西医医治无效,还不如父亲针灸来的快。他以家学中医针灸之术为病人施诊理疗,一家三代以行医造福乡里,成为一方百姓的救命神医。从此,他对针灸学产生了极大的兴趣,遂刻苦钻研《灵枢》、《针灸资生经》、《针灸大成》等书,专攻针灸技术,以及现代生理、解剖等医学知识。承淡安先生生当多事之秋,国家战事频仍,民不聊生。“先生悯之,思针灸能不药而愈病,奏效敏捷,是救民水火的捷径”。 1923年春,承淡安建议扩大为民治病的范围,得到爷爷的赞许。他第一次开始在距家八十里的北国镇集市上开设诊所,独立悬壶行医。他虽年纪轻轻却非常同情当时农民的疾苦,但凡穷人就诊尽量以针灸术施治,藉以减轻病人家里经济负担,乡里人无不交口称赞。

承淡安愤懑满清道光以“袒裼裸裎,有伤大雅,针刺艾灸,非奉君之所宜”加罪针灸,下令太医院永远废止针灸,宣判了中华针灸学术的死刑,致使针灸医学倡导乏人,举步维艰。这时,刚好距1822年针灸被逐出清朝太医院整整一百零一年,此时的针灸只是存于民间的一种手艺而已。加之本世纪初,西学东渐,使中华民族宝贵的针灸医术奄奄一息,濒于灭绝。旧中国政治腐败,外侮内患,战火绵延,贫病者到处皆是。翻开中华历史长卷,针灸,是我国传统医学的重要组成部分,数千年来为中华民族的繁衍昌盛做出了巨大贡献。隋唐设立太医署,掌管医学教育,针灸成为其中一个专门学科。此后历朝历代,无不把针灸一科列为太医院署的重要组成部分。为此,承淡安先生以惊人的毅力和决心,毕生要为中国针灸医学正名,并弘扬、振兴针灸学术。他说:“我下定决心,挽此狂澜”。

1926年冬,先生先后在苏州、望亭、无夕等地悬壶济世,为民治病,扩大针灸医学的影响,对贫病患者不仅施诊给药,而且分文不取,因此深得病家的信赖。他最有名的创业宣言就是:“针灸之功效,既广且捷,针灸之使用,亦便亦廉,易于普及,宜于贫病,允为利民之国粹,实有推广之必要。”他自己身体力行,经常抱病应诊,不受患者馈赠。他不但身体力行,还总是将胸中所学帮教指导同道中医师实施针灸术,共同为民义诊,一时间整个苏州城轰动了,人们奔走相告,击掌相庆,“针灸术”名声鹊起,人心的向背足以证明中国针灸医学的生命力。承淡安因为到处行医,所以着眼处均是广大贫病纠结的老百姓,让他更体会到针灸医术是拯救病民的最佳选择,决心以针灸为主要手段,为复兴针灸造就良好声誉,实现强国强民之梦。从此,承淡安走上了振兴中国针灸学教育艰难而曲折的创业之路。

针灸教育梦

1928年初夏,在苏州行医之际,承淡安参加了吴县中医公会.与中医季爱人、祝瞿卿、朱藕令、杨汉章几位同仁,共办苏州中医学校于王枢密巷。承淡安矢志以复兴针灸绝学为已任,打破针灸术不公开传授的保守观念,公开家学,并承担生理与针灸两门课的讲义编写与授课工作。学校虽然不满一年即因经费困难而停办,然而,承淡安却由此开始了他的针灸教育事业。1929年,承淡安迁居苏州望亭设诊所,开门收徒。1930年10月,承淡安在吴县望亭正式创办了“ 中国针灸学 研究社”,这是近代 中医教育史 上最早的针灸函授机构,公开招收全国各地的学员,广传薪火。他通过印发教材,通函指导的方式,竭力从事针灸学的函授教育工作。民国初期,除江南外,国内许多地方针灸几成绝学!针灸技术不但得不到国民政府关注和倡导,相反民国政府百般歧视甚至妄图取消针灸一行。承淡安在苏州民间困境中苦斗,历时两载,最后又因经费窘缺而停办。

1932年10月,承淡安在无锡西水关堰桥重建“中国针灸学研究社”,恢复社业。为了办学,承淡安节省每一文钱,和学生在几间破旧的屋子里编写教材、书稿,复函学生问讯,晨昏相继。是年秋,承淡安完成了教材《中国针灸治疗学》的编写,内容深入浅出,通俗易懂。绘制的《人体经穴图》,经络腧穴清晰可辨,便于学员自学。他还亲自负责指导,解答疑难问题,深受学员的欢迎,也为该社的发展打下了基础。并于次年出版《中国针灸治疗学》,同时公开申明可为购买图书者免费解答书中疑问,引起读者极大兴趣。该书分四篇,第一篇“总论”,讨论了针灸术的沿革,针灸在治疗上的价值以及关于针灸的治疗和奇经八脉的研究;第二篇“经穴之考证”,讨论了人身度量标准,穴位的解剖部位、主治、摘要等;第三篇“手术”,叙述了针具的制造及其施针的手法,尤其强调了针刺并泻手法的重要意义,并指出:针灸手术名称虽多,除补泻手法外,余不足取;第四篇“治疗”,分别介绍了伤寒、温热病、暑病、霍乱、中风、惊风、癫狂、疟疾等42种病症的病因、征象、治疗、助治及其预后。为精确指示穴位,不仅用西医解剖部位予以解释,还用点穴后的人体照片予以影印,较之绘图更富有真实感,并在每个穴位都编写上号码,使人一目了然,有利于初学者。承先生以对学术极其负责的精神,不断予以修订,短短六年中,该书连出八版,内容不断丰富,更名为《增订中国针灸治疗学》,成为近百年来影响最大的针灸专著。

自承淡安发起成立我国第一个针灸研究机构——中国针灸学研社后,就以函授通讯研究的形式在全国范围发展社员,一年下来,函授学员遍布海内外,承淡安矢 志以复兴针灸绝学为已任. 1933年10月10日,承淡安在原先只限于社内交流的《承门针灸实验录》之基础上,创办了《针灸杂志》,此乃近代中国最早的针灸学专业刊物。内容辟有“论文”、“专载”、“杂著”、“问答”、“社友成绩栏”、“医讯”等专栏,原为双月刊,后改为月刊。《针灸杂志》作为学术探讨之园地,是为理论与实践的结合,提供针灸临证研究的基地。此后南北各地针灸研究组织纷纷成立,相互呼应,相互切磋。承淡安先后又出版《经穴图解》、《经穴大挂图》、《百症赋笺注》、《经穴歌诀》等著作。此时,承淡安放弃中西药物,专以针灸治病。国内外求学者日益增多。办学期间,组建了中国最早的针灸专门医院针灸疗养院,并将解剖学、生理学、病理学等西医知识引入传统针灸理论。在创办针灸刊物之际,承淡安还及时开辟了教学实习场所,明智地把握了针灸学实践性强的特点。承淡安在应用电针灸,并试制皮内针、揿针、梅花针、艾条灸等,经临床试用肯定疗效后,才推广应用。1934年开始,承淡安为了改善函授条件,提高教育质量,辟出了教学实验场所,开设实习科,让学员参加5个月的针灸临床实习,这种教学与实践相结合的方法,受到学员们的衷心拥护。

“针灸也能救国”

办社中,承淡安先生渐感学识不够。1934年10月,承淡安不顾年弱多病,东渡扶桑,学习考察该国针灸现状和办学情况。历时8个多月,足迹遍及日本三岛。他与日本国针灸界人士切磋临床及理论,翻阅了国内少见、流传于日本的针灸古籍,并与日本东京针灸高等学校校长板本贡 教授 晤谈针灸,被赠予针灸专攻士学衔。在日本期间,承淡安四处奔走、多方搜集日本的教学、科研资料和针灸器械。从中发现了《铜人经穴图考》和我国早已失散的元代滑伯任的名著《十四经发挥》,这部古典珍籍的失而复得,辉映了承淡安的拳拳之心。他怀揣复兴中国针灸的信心和雄心,重新回到了他热恋的故土,开始新的事业征程。

1935年6月,针灸研究社内的组织机构日趋完备,先后创设了治疗、发行、编辑、阅报等辅助科室,从而使研究社名副其实地初具专业学校的规模。从日本归来后,又创办了中国近代针灸专业学校——“中国针灸讲习所”。明确规定学制,设有三月的速成班,六月的普通班和二年制的本科班。学员须有一定的医学知识和国文水平,经考试合格方可录取。讲习所开设了内经、经穴学、针科学、灸科学、针灸治疗学等系统的祖国医学方面的课程;为谋求中西之汇通,并保证能在当时国民教育中取得合法地位,特开设解剖、生理、病理、消毒及诊断学等西医课程。

承淡安一面联合同道在无锡筹组中国针灸医学专门学校及针灸疗养院。同时,他潜心普译日本国针灸经络著作好多部,为此承淡安倾其所有,在中国针灸学研社附设中国针灸讲习所。该所在1936年创办了针灸疗养院,设病房、门诊,接待需要针灸治疗的患者,在社会上产生了很大影响。同年,将原先的函授教育升格为正规的学校教育,扩大校舍、丰富课程、添聘教师。1936年末,中国针灸讲习所扩充为“中国针灸医学专门学校”,增加二年制毕业的本科班,对二年制的本科生,还增设了难经、医论、伤寒、金匮等中医经典和经穴、点穴等专科,尚有国文、日文、体育诸课程,并实行严格的考试制度。在原针灸门诊基础上首办针灸医院(受当时政策限制,取名为针灸疗养院)。1937年,承淡安将平生积蓄,悉数用以建筑教学楼,扩充学校,并添设图书馆。随着中国针灸学研究社、讲习所和专门学校的不断发展,先后结业学员共3000余人。

1937年7月,“卢沟桥事变”中日战争爆发。不久无锡沦陷,教学楼未及竣工,侵华日军的飞机很快将学校夷为平地。为免遭日寇驱役,让传统针灸术为国难当头的中国人服务, 1937年冬,踌躇满志的承淡安决定避难西迁,经安徽、江西、湖南、湖北入川。在颠沛流离的恶劣环境下,仍不忘初衷,他一面随处为患病者看病,一面沿途带徒授学。每到一地他都设有短期或临时的针灸培训学习班。如在 湖南桃源 举办了训练班三个月;在成都开办了“中国针灸讲习所”和“成都国医学校”;辗转德阳时,又创办了“德阳国医讲习所”。八年抗战中,培养近千名针灸学徒学员。面对缺医少药的抗战后方,他还曾发出“针灸也能救国”的呐喊。抗战八年中他坚持行医、授课。他开设的针灸分校、研究会遍及南方各省,以及香港、东南亚地区。

抗战胜利后,承淡安从四川回到苏州,决定重新创办中国针灸学研究社,经过一番努力,针灸学研究社又恢复了昔日景象。《针灸杂志》又如期复刊出版,后来更名为《针灸医学》,共出版21期,后因为内战残酷,国民党政府倒行逆施被迫停刊。

“澄江针灸学派”

承淡安兴办学社,弘扬针灸,开展针灸教育,是他最突出的成就。教学医疗之余从事著述,毫不懈怠。在针灸研究实践中,承淡安一方面强调要弄清中医学理,并从临床上去摸索和证实阴阳、五行、营卫、气血,以及解剖学上难以理解和认识的经络,掌握针灸治病机理。另一方面,在学习研究的基础上,承淡安吸收了如神经纤维损伤的变质学说、电气交流变化学说、海特氏带反射学说、物理刺激促使神经机能兴奋或抑制学说,等等,以及针灸激发网状内皮细胞的防御、营养、修补能力,针灸提高活体生理机能对抗疾病的抵抗能力,针灸兴奋知觉神经,并通过交感神经机能亢进而影响造血器官等学术研究成果;积极将日本对针灸的研究方法和成果吸纳到自己的著作中,并试图运用巴甫洛夫神经反射理论,阐述针灸作用机理。对于针灸的临床价值,承淡安用“便利、速效、经济”三个词进行了总结,认为针灸治病,简便易行,收效甚速,利国利民,是普通百姓降低医疗费用之首选。

他一生撰写论文数十篇,出版医著12种,译作4种,主要著作有《中国针灸治疗学》、《针灸治疗实验集》、《中国针灸学》、《校注十四经发挥》、《铜人经穴图考》、《针灸精华》、《伤寒论新注》等,为弘扬中国针灸提供了大量有价值的文献资料。《中国针灸治疗学》是他编撰的具有代表性的一部针灸专著(成书于1928年,刊行于1931年)。该书的主要特点就是能够将新旧学说融会贯通,大量引进近代生理学、病理学、解剖学知识,特别是在阐述腧穴定位时,既有现代解剖部位作解释,又有人体穴位实录图文,使初学者易于掌握。书中还总结了二百多种疾病的针灸治疗方法,涉及内、外、妇、儿、五官等各科。承淡安先生的学术风范和学术成就,深深影响了门人弟子,一批又一批的承门弟子成为海内外弘扬针灸的主力军,逐步形成了以融通中西医学为特色的现代针灸学术研究群体。

代代相传的承门针灸薪火,逐渐铸成了众口称誉的学术丰碑,令中外学界引颈而望,形成了中医 针灸学 术发展史上具有科学学派特质的现代学术流派。江阴古称“澄江”,因而海内外弟子门生共同将本学派名之曰“澄江 针灸学 派”。澄江 针灸学 派的形成,始于1929年 承淡安 创建的中国 针灸学 研究社,并以 承淡安 先生学术思想渐趋成熟、其主要弟子门生学术思想日益异彩纷呈为发展主线。该学派各时期代表人物的学术思想与成就,也在一定程度上代表了中国近百年针灸发展脉络。并逐渐得到学界认同。澄江 针灸学 派清晰的学术师承、统一的学术主张与共同的理想抱负等诸项特征,充分显示了其科学学派本质,这也是澄江 针灸学派与一般传统中医流派的区别所在。深入研究澄江 针灸学 派的特质,努力弘扬澄江 针灸学 派的既重经典又求创新的精神,将会极大地推动 针灸学 术的发展,为 针灸学 科更加深入地现代化、国际化添力。
1954年7月承淡安先生在《增订中国针灸治疗学讲义》基础上出版发行的《中国针灸学讲义(新编本)》,作为新中国第一本高等中医药教育使用的针灸教材,奠定了《针灸治疗学》课程的主要知识结构、理论基础、实践技能和临床治疗规律。承淡安先生在详细考察每个腧穴的定位和解剖结构,掀开了腧穴发展史上新篇章。在书中,他还引入人体骨骼图、人体肌肉图、人体血管分布图、人体神经分布图,并按照解剖部位标记各腧穴所处位置,使读者一目了然。在《经穴图解》一书中, 承淡安 按头、躯干、手、肘、膝、足等部位,绘制17幅经穴骨骼图,将腧穴与骨骼的关系描述得清楚明了,十分便于学习。有感于经外奇穴颇多特效的临床经验, 承淡安 对经外奇穴也极为重视。《中国 针灸学 讲义》共收录他收集整理的经外奇穴132个,且分别记述了各穴名称、位置、针灸方法和主治病症,供临床医家采用。在课程教学方法上,注重理论联系实际,强调针灸理论与实践教学相结合,研究针灸技能训练方法,培养学生临床操作技能,直接影响了近五十多年针灸教育的发展。全国解放后,以承淡安为始点的澄江针灸学派渐显枝繁叶茂之势。他们以弘扬针灸学术、复兴针灸事业为共同目标和毕生追求,在针灸临床、教学、科研、产业等诸方面不懈探索,成就了学派共同的梦想与光荣。遍布海内外的承门弟子,都以澄江针灸学派的传人为荣,这种自发情怀也营造了澄江针灸学派组织形式上的自主性。鉴于社会秩序和物价均趋稳定,承淡安决定在苏州恢复学研社社务及《针灸杂志》。承淡 安始终不渝、矢 志以复兴针灸绝学为已任,公开家学,一再发起成立中国针灸学研究社,创刊发行了中国最早的针灸专业杂志《针灸杂志》,组建了中国最早的针灸专门医院针灸疗养院,并将解剖学、生理学、病理学等西医知识引入传统针灸理论。在 承淡安 及其弟子以及全国针灸同仁的共同努力下,我国针灸终于在中西医交流与冲突并存的思潮中,完成了现代 针灸学 术体系的构建,对中医针灸在中国乃至世界范围的传播产生了深远影响。

第一任校长

全国解放后,中央对中医提出“系统学习、全面掌握、整理提高”的总方针。承淡安开始重视经络的研究,在杂志上发表《针灸治病的学理》一文,强调经络学说的重要意义与临床应用。同时翻译了日本间样白所著的《经络治疗讲座》和代田文志的《针灸真髓》两书,较深入地探讨了经络理论,成为中医针灸理论高层次教育的教科书。

1953年,国务院为了弘扬中华中医针灸事业,满足全国人民群众的基本医疗卫生服务需要,亟待需要一支高水平的中医针灸教育队伍,培养更多更好的针灸医务工作者。苏南是中医文化中心带,世代名医辈出的地方,江苏省人民政府也决心拯救传统针灸医学。组织一支中医针灸医疗教育人才队伍固为重要,选择“领头羊”更为重要。1954年,江苏省委、省政府决定以大学建制先行创办江苏中医药进修学校(后为江苏省中医药大学)。学院第一任校长的重担就落在了全国中医针灸学界现代教育创始人承淡安的肩上。是年5月,承淡安放下苏州学研社及《针灸杂志》诸项业务,到六朝古都南京创建江苏中医药进修学校。这也是承淡安有生之年的期望所在,得到党和人民政府的重视并委以重任,让他心存感激,决心全身心投入创建工作。他很快组成了一支志同道合的师资队伍,一时名医云集建业城,学校一片欣欣向荣。是年,承淡安当选为江苏省第一届人民代表。1955年承淡安当选为中国科学院学部委员、中华医学会副会长、全国政协委员。从此,承淡安更是马不停蹄,力疾从公,在针灸理论、临床、教学、科研和中医学人才培养上倾注了全部的热情和心血,为中国针灸走向世界针灸的领先地位造就了一批又一批精英。承淡安还编著了《针灸治疗实验集》、《中国针灸学讲义》等数十种针灸书籍,创办了中国针灸医学专门学校(翰林学院)。承淡安以其学识、成就和个人品质,折服业界同行。他和叶橘泉、邹云翔、周攸斋等同事们一起,为新中国中医高等教育体系的确立,构筑了基础,从而在一个更高的平台上,实现了中医针灸事业的传承推广。在针灸临床学术思想方面,承淡安既注重辨证施治,又能审症求因,根据西医对疾病的认识,拟定治疗方案,形成辨证辨病,中西互参的特点。在具体临床治疗手段的选择上,除特别研究需要外,承淡安注重以疗效为中心,针药结合,各展其长。在针、灸关系的处理上,坚持针、灸并施,相得益彰。同时,承淡安还强调要疏针简灸,以适宜的刺激量,确保针灸疗效。 承淡安 一直重视学员针刺手法的练习,认为手法是否熟练以及指力之强弱是临床收效的重要基础,不仅创建了针灸界沿用至今的指力练习方法,而且发明了无痛的押手进针法。在对传统针法进行改进的基础上,对于针灸界长期莫衷一是的针刺补泻,他提出针刺无补泻之别,而只有刺激强弱不同的观点,主张对于刺激强弱与疾病虚实之间的关系,应由医者在治疗过程中,根据病人体质情况、耐受程度、病之新久、得气难易和气感强弱而随机应变,并认为单纯依据病之虚实来决定针刺补泻或针刺轻重之说,只是一种说教而已。

承淡安长期从事针灸理论和临床研究,治学严谨,博采众长,精心总结自己毕生经验,著书立说甚丰。承淡安先生,毕生以复兴针灸为己任,形成了在我国针灸发展史上具有里程碑意义的针灸学术思想,并培养了大批针灸人才,推动了针灸的复兴。他撰写各类专业论文数十篇,自著有《中国针灸治疗学》、《中国针灸学》、《中国针灸学研究》、《子午流注针法》、《 伤寒论新注 》、《简易灸治·丹方治疗集》等15种专著并译有日人《 针灸真髓 》、《经络治疗讲话》、《经络之研究》 等5种近作,编修针灸经络图多册,共200多万字;还有许多专稿未及在生前公诸于世。据查证,中国医学书籍中,针灸经穴注有现代解剖学、生理学名称,以承氏的著作为最早,实际上他也是近现代国际针灸学术交流的第一位中国学者。以德为先,以术济世是承淡安教育思想的根本。在针灸治疗技术上,承淡安的着眼处是广大贫苦的百姓。他最有名的创业宣言就是:“针灸之功效,既广且捷,针灸之使用,亦便亦廉,易于普及,宜于贫病,允为利民之国粹,实有推广之必要。”他自己身体力行,经常抱病应诊,不受患者馈赠,对待学生如同兄弟或子女,质疑答辩,总使学生弄懂弄通,心领神会才放心。他为针灸事业发展和人才培养不遗余力的精神和崇高的医德风范,对同事和学生产生了巨大的鼓励促进作用。承淡安先生在针灸事业上建树的巨大功绩和医德、师风、人品上的光辉楷模,被针灸界乃至整个医学界广为传颂,在国内外享有盛誉。1955年全国第二届政协会议期间,承淡安受到毛泽东、周恩来等中央领导亲切接见,毛主席握着他的手说:“你的名气大的很哟!希望你多多培养针灸人才”。今天,承淡安的愿望实现了。在南京中医药大学的校园里他专门开辟了一所国际针灸训练中心,数以千计的针灸继承人源源不断从这里输向祖国和世界各地。

针学巨壁

1957年7月10日,承淡安终因废寝忘食,不辞辛劳的工作,积劳成疾,医治无效离开了我们,享年58岁。时任国家副主席的李济深题赠挽联:“康济斯民良相同功垂永誉,阐扬绝学名医传世有针经”。承淡安先生以弘扬针灸学术为毕生的追求,一生桃李遍天下。其弟子追随先师的学术风范和学术路径,继往开来,在现代针灸学术研究、医疗和教育等领域进行了重要的拓展。北京赵尔康、杨甲三、程莘农,南京邱茂良、杨长森、杨兆民、肖少卿,福建陈应龙、留章杰,广东曾天治,广西罗兆琚,河南邵经明,浙江高镇五,安徽陆善仲、孔昭遐,山西谢锡亮,湖南詹永康等,无不以师出承门为荣。更有诸多承门传人,如香港卢觉愚、谢永光、邓昆明,新加坡何敬慈、邓颂如、刘致中,菲律宾高达三、关飞雄,以及被誉为“美国针灸之父”的苏天佑等,追寻承淡安先生遗训,将针灸广泛传播至东南亚及至欧美。承淡安国内弟子常常应邀到南美、欧洲、亚洲许多国家讲学,并多次出席国际性针灸学术研讨会。
承淡安先生留下的学术财富十分丰厚,深为学界所景仰。对承淡安先生的诞辰纪念、学术思想总结评述、历史功绩的追忆,层出不穷。

1989年9月13~15日在承氏故乡——江阴市隆重举行“纪念承淡安先生诞辰九十周年暨塑像揭幕仪式”中国针灸学会称承淡安先生创立的针灸学派为“中国针灸澄江学派”。原卫生部副部长胡熙明为塑像题词:“针学巨壁”。中国针灸学会副会长王雪苔,江苏省中医管理局局长张华强、副局长陈尧,江苏省针灸学会常务副会长张锦清,南京中医学院副院长项平和无锡市、江阴市的有关领导,以及应邀前来的国内外学者,承门弟子,共一百余人参加了会议。

1999年9月12日,海内外近百名针灸同道汇聚在承淡安先生的故乡——江苏省江阴市,隆重召开纪念承淡安先生诞辰100周年暨国际针灸发展学术研讨会,卫生部副部长兼国家中医药管理局局长朱庆生到会表示热烈祝贺。对承淡安先生及其开创的澄江针灸学派给于了很高的评价。

2011年10月29日,首届“澄江针灸学派学术论坛”在南京召开,会议由南京中医药大学澄江针灸学派研究中心与针灸推拿重点学科共同承办。此次论坛标志着作为针灸学科重要研究领域的学派研究重心移至江苏。来自世界针灸联合会、中国针灸学会、江苏省政府、江阴市政府的代表参加了会议。新加坡、马来西亚、普林斯顿针灸研究中心等海外澄江学派传人发来了贺电贺信。

历经百年沧桑,终为中国针灸乃至中国医学事业的繁荣做出了历史性的贡献。虽然全面归纳开放包容、与时俱进的澄江针灸学派学术成就,还需假以时日,但毋庸置疑的是,在澄江针灸学派旗帜的引领下,络绎不绝的学派传人正在以承淡安先生为精神动力,在教学、临床、科研等各个岗位继往开来,努力造就祖国医学新的辉煌,为使针灸医术更好地造福人类健康而奋斗不息。

 

作 者 暨阳名贤研究院秘书长 张  洪

澄江中医研究会秘书长 花海兵

Read Full Post »

To date, there are 1,035 active acupuncturists in MD. Acupuncture Today indicated the members in Maryland is 752(72.6%). And currently VA active acupuncturists  about 485. In Acupuncture Today, is 352(72.6%).

Total acupuncturists in Acupuncture Today is about 25,000. So in 2014, actual active acupuncturists in USA should be 34,435.

Read Full Post »

神针,刺出一片晴空http://epaper.tianjinwe.com/tjrb/tjrb/2010-09/18/content_154695.htm

神针,刺出一片晴空

汪宗禧

1971年,《纽约时报》派出王牌记者詹姆斯·罗思顿前来中国采访。当年7月,罗思顿来到北京。来到一个新奇的世界,罗思顿满眼都是新闻,他发回的报道,也令本就好奇的美国人举国称奇。就连他患了急性阑尾炎,在北京接受针灸治疗的过程,也被当成重大新闻,发在了《纽约时报》最惹眼的版位上。下面是这篇长篇报道的意译:
中国总理周恩来亲自过问我的病情,召集了11位中国医学专家为我会诊。7月17日,由北京反帝医院(即北京协和医院)外科吴医师主刀,切除了我那坏透了的阑尾。手术很成功,也没伴生并发症。可是,到了转天,我的腹部就开始隐隐作痛,那种闷痛隐痛让我非常难过。各位专家又经过一番研讨,建议我接受针灸疗法。让那长长的针刺入自己的身体,想一想都让人害怕。可我觉得这种纯粹中国式的神秘疗法值得一试,就答应愿以身试针……治疗结束。我正在回味这种扎针疗法带给我的感觉的时候,我的腹部不疼了,以后再也没有发作。我还了解到,在针灸那里我这是小病,最近报纸上屡有失明、瘫痪和精神病患者在针下治愈的报道。也许有人会认为,我在北京尝试针灸的经历,只不过是职业记者为达采访目的而惯用的一种冒险行为。而我会告诉你们,我作为职业记者,为新闻可以去冒险,可是若没有把握,我绝不会主动跑到实验室去当一只荷兰猪,让人家在我身上任意动刀试验……

在美国人的心目中,罗思顿是信赖度极高的记者,他发自北京的有关针灸的报道绝对真实可信。对罗思顿的偶像情结和对中国好奇心撞到了一起,由此引发了全美国的一场中国针灸热。紧接着是1972年尼克松访华,他的随身“御医”特意到中国医院细察针灸麻醉过程,并一一详尽记录,此消息无疑又给美国针灸热泼了一桶油。那段时间,似乎全美国的人都迷上了针灸。原来的“巫师”成了神医,“巫器”成了神针。那时候想找针扎就只有去华人区。深藏于华人区的针灸诊所一时间车马云集,人满为患。波士顿东方医学协会张会长这样描述当时的针灸胜景:本地的美国人都接待不过来了,外州的美国人也像赶大集似的,从四面八方蜂拥而来。有的城市还专门开通了针灸大巴,拉着整车整车的美国人去找针扎。仅仅张会长夫妇这里,每天都有两辆大巴定时前来。夫妇俩从早到晚忙得晕头转向,明晃晃的眼前全是针,那感觉就如同一下子落进了几万亩的水田里,银针似乎也成了秧苗,眼前是没有尽头的水田,手里是插不完的秧苗……扎针灸如插秧苗,确实是尼克松访华前后,美国针灸热的生动写照。扎针的人太多,诊室根本就容纳不下,针灸师就只好去租旅馆,带动周围旅馆的生意也一下子火爆起来。有的针灸师只顾扎针,却腾不出手来去拔针,只好高薪请人帮忙来拔。一时间,拔针者也成了高薪族。针灸师当然更是财源滚滚,据说有的针灸师扎针一个礼拜,就能买一套别墅。

看着华人针灸师赚钱如此邪乎,美国人也眼馋了。自此,大批美国人开始涉足针灸,结伴来到中国大陆和香港学习针术。有的人赚钱心急,学了点儿皮毛,懂了几个穴位,就急急赶回美国开诊收钱去了。针灸热到这个份儿上,出些医疗事故就难免了。一直视西医为绝对正统的一些美国医疗权威机构,当然不会放任针灸在自己地盘上开疆拓土。于是,西医机构的强势运作,几起医疗事故的大肆炒作,不只浇冷了美国人的针灸热,还令美国各州纷纷立法,禁止针灸师独立行医。很多州立法命令:擅自开诊扎针者,一律以无照非法行医罪名论处。美国针灸师自可金盆洗手,另谋他业。可华人针灸师却不忍收针,只好退回华人区,隐蔽在小角落继续行医。这是针灸在美国遭遇的最黑暗时代,针灸师简直就成了地下工作者,经常有针灸师在做地下工作的时候,被警察当场捉拿拘捕。

一针扎出针灸合法地位

1973年初,正值美国酷冷季节,也正值针灸在美国处境最难过之时,香港名中医陆易公应邀赴美,在纽约为1500名西医解析针灸学。走下讲台,听说纽约警方刚刚以无照行医罪名,将一名针灸师捉去问罪。陆公内心陡生激愤,随即四处游说,为针灸师打抱不平。“你们难道不知道吗,针灸经过了几千年的临床检验,早就证明它是一种安全有效的疗法,剥夺针灸师行医权,不但是对针灸师不公平,同时也剥夺了美国人民寻求健康的一条途径。”尽管很多有识之士赞同陆公,可是,立法在上,大家也只有叹息而已。这时,有朋友无意中说起内华达州当年4月议会将要召开立法会议,其间会修改某些法律。陆公听说后忽地起身,当众宣布:“走,我这就去内华达,争取内华达州立法给予中国针灸合法地位。”众人听罢,当场讥笑陆公:“就连美国实力派人物想立法修法,都难如搬山,你区区一中国游客,如何能改变美国法律?很可能法没立来,你自己却倒在美国大牢里了。”陆公说:“这世上的壁垒高墙,总得有人去闯去拼,才有迎来一个坦荡世界的希望。这次我西去立法,纵然不成,纵然将这把老骨头扔在美国,也总能给后来者铺条路吧?”陆公立马将针囊披挂在身,就像一个东方侠士,向着内华达大沙漠出征了。陆公的好友亚瑟·史丹伯格先生是纽约退休律师,他与妻子曾远赴香港到陆公门下求医,陆公使出一身针功,很快就治好了夫妻俩多年顽疾。史丹伯格听说老先生花甲之年匹马西征,二话不说就拍马过来,誓要与老先生同行。他说:“好歹我做过律师,就给你做个法律助手吧。”陆公也乐得如虎添翼,于是两人皆豪情干云,并马杀入西部沙漠。到了沙漠,两人正举目茫茫,不知何处下手之际,天降贤才,巧遇公关能手吉姆·乔伊斯先生。乔伊斯听完两位老人的诉说,大为感动,当即就加入陆公团队。

要想申请立法,首先就得获得申请资格。在内华达州,须得拿到3万人的签名支持,立法院才会受理你的立法申请。三人分兵出击,四处游说,逢民居便去敲门,见人就去套近乎。每天都是天不亮就上街,晚上整个城市的窗口都熄灯了,三人才收兵休整。民众果真给调动起来了,排着队去州政府签名支持针灸立法。不消几日,3万人签名支持的申请资格就够了。三人去立法院递交申请的时候,在场的议员吃惊不小:这么短的时间,就有那么多人签名支持一种外国疗法,这在本州闻所未闻。

获得立法院的立法受理,这只是迈出一小步。此时离立法院投票表决还有些时日,陆公拿出针囊,要用针下功夫说服美国人了。可是,既然针灸还未获合法地位,陆公就不能开诊疗病。幸得老律师史丹伯格相助,立法院特别批准给予陆公3个礼拜的临时针灸行医资格。为让立法院诸位议员看个明白,陆公特意把临时诊所开在了立法院对面的旅馆里。此事轰动了内华达州,也波及全美国。美国一些大医院纷纷介绍顽症患者赶赴内华达,本州的患者更是近水楼台先得月,排着队来挂号预约。开诊之日,陆公银针未落,十几个医疗权威和政府官员组成的观察团来了,电视台的全程现场直播开始了。全美许多大小报记者也都涌到最前沿,执着笔,持着采访本,死死盯着陆公的一举一动,唯恐漏过任何一个细节。看着这场面,陆公深知自己手里的针干系重大,稍有差池,自己身陷绝境事小,针灸若再想在美国翻身,那就更难了。好在老先生艺高胆大,身边的大阵仗全不放在眼里,只把全部功力和意念灌注到针尖上。一针刺入,全场尖叫,而老先生却从容不迫,气定神闲。

前来试针者,多由大医院推荐而来,都是些久治不愈的顽症患者。在没扎针灸之前,这些患者大部分都在医院挨过刀,有的挨刀二十几次依旧沉疴不除。越是这样的病人,越能验出针灸的功力。陆公抖出全部精气神,抖出一生功力,每天从早到晚连续诊病扎针14小时,花甲陆公真的要为针灸拼命了。夫人陈贞卿女士听说丈夫境况,心疼不已,当即就飞来内华达,与夫君并肩上阵搏杀。怎奈夫人到底不如陆公强悍,不消几个昼夜就昏倒了。

在那段严酷的考验期里,陆公每天都要针治一百多名患者。患者都是抱着死马当活马医、拿自己当试验品的念头过来的,不曾想这小小银针却给他们的病体带来了福音。20多天过去了,陆公的银针在内华达刺出一地佳话:旅馆老板利用地利之便,抢先请陆公为其瘫痪老母治疗。老妇人是坐轮椅来的,经几番施针,竟能站立行走,自己推着轮椅去了;一位名律师生意盈门之际,却患了神经性耳聋,久治不聪,眼看着客户开庭,自己却不能上庭替人家争辩。心急如火之际,律师投身陆公针下,陆公只给他扎了四次针,那律师就耳聪如旧,最后一针刚拔出来,他就飞奔而去,去帮客户打官司了。

这次针灸试验经媒体倾力报道,在州内州外影响甚大。就连美国《时代周刊》也参与其中。

针灸创下如此战绩,这就为后来的立法过程荡平了道路。陆公带着赫赫战果和满满的自信,来到立法院与各位议员激辩。辩论过后的投票表决,是决定针灸能否获得合法地位的决定性时刻。令全州人大惊的是:州参议院以全票通过给予针灸独立行医资格的法案,州众议院也以30票对1票的压倒性优势通过此项法案。以这样高的票数通过一项法案,在内华达州立法史上绝无仅有。

内华达州州长很快就在该法案上签字,针灸自此在全美各州第一次获得合法行医地位。此后,针灸师和各界同仁奋力争取,攻克了加利福尼亚、得克萨斯、纽约等在美国有影响力的大州。到如今全美已有40多个州都已通过立法,给予针灸独立行医的法定权利。

1997年,美国国家卫生研究院历经漫长临床考查和研究,最终给予针灸一个“补充疗法”的身份,美国国家卫生权威机构正式为针灸立名设位,把针灸定性为一种“有效的、正规的疗法”。 针灸自此在全美获得正统地位。很多保险公司也看到了针灸的妙处,乐意为投保者报销针灸治疗费。因为患者扎针灸总比去医院大动干戈省钱多了,保险公司何乐而不为?自此,针灸不仅在美国重出江湖,还攀上了庙堂之高,堂堂皇皇地进入了美国主流社会。

针灸热再度在美国升温,只是这一次不再盲目狂热,热得温和,热得持久。

Read Full Post »

Dr.Fan’s new article about Miriam Lee published recently. 

“Dr. Miriam Lee: A heroine for the start of acupuncture
as a profession in the State of California.
You could read the detail at:

Read Full Post »

Read Full Post »

LicenseCounts as of September 16, 2013
Virginia Occupation Count

Assistant Behavior Analyst 48
Athletic Trainer 1,209
Behavior Analyst 318
Chiropractor 1,730
Interns & Residents 2,996
Licensed Acupuncturist 447
Licensed Midwife 71
Limited Radiologic Technologist 695
Medicine & Surgery 35,747
Occupational Therapist 3,392
Occupational Therapy Assistant 1,098
Osteopathy & Surgery 2,449
Physician Assistant 2,672
Podiatry 493
Radiologic Technologist 3,789
Radiologist Assistant 10
Respiratory Care Practitioner 3,814
Restricted Volunteer 68
University Limited License 19
Volunteer Registration 2
TOTAL 61,067Vi

Read Full Post »

沉痛悼念加州中医针灸界的开山元老黄天池博士

由 admin 于 星期二, 08/02/2011 – 9:56上午 发表

尊敬的加州中医药针灸同业, 朋友们,
我们怀着十分沉痛的心情向大家报告, 加州中医针灸界的开山元老, 加州执照针灸医师公会永远荣誉会长黄天池博士因病于2011年6月22日在旧金山逝世, 终年93岁.
黄天池博士是加州针灸合法化运动最早的发起者, 参与者和组织者之一. 1975年以前, 在中医针灸治疗未获合法, 针灸师因无执照开业被逮捕入狱的艰难处境下, 黄天池博土与李衛来, 李奈祖, 李愈之, 周敏华, 卞伯歧, 余庚南等医师率先发起轰轰烈烈的加州针灸合法化运动, 他被公认为竹林七贤之首. 他们带头发动捐款, 聘请葛罗士文大律师起草法案, 他们慷慨奉献, 出钱出力, 游说政界, 侨界和西医界支持针灸合法.
黄天池博士以热情投入, 领导出色, 英文精通和整脊医师兼针灸医师的颇有影响力的特殊身份光荣当选为全美首个为争取针灸合法化而成立的中医组织——加州中医药针灸学会的首任会长. 在黄博士身体力行的带领下, 前辈们同心同德, 团结努力, 八仙过海, 各显神通, 终于使由莫士孔尼参议员提交的SB86针灸职业法案在1975年获得时任州长的杰利.布朗先生簽署成为法律. 中医针灸从始由地下走上地面, 加州中医针灸事业由始茁壮成长, 黄天池老会长作出了不可磨灭的杰出贡献, 值得全体同业和后来人的感激, 敬重和缅怀.
加州执照针灸医师公会建立以后, 黄天池博士历任理事, 理事长, 监事, 监事长, 顾问委员会主席, 永远荣誉会长等职. 黄老会长热爱中医, 忠诚中医. 热心加州中医针灸事业, 为CCAA的创立, 建设和发展付出了许多心力. 黄老会长作风正派, 平易近人, 淡薄名利. 医德高尚, 医术高明, 仁爱待人.深受民众的爱戴. 黄老会长功高不居功, 年老不服老, 将其大半生献给了壮丽的中医药事业, 仁心仁术治病救人永不言休, 为后辈们树立了光辉的榜样.
黄天池博士的逝世, 是加州执照针灸医师公会的损失, 是加州中医针灸事业的损失, 更是广大民众病患的损失.
您安息吧, 我们敬爱的老会长, 您的开拓功绩, 您的良多建树, 您的德术双馨将永垂不朽, 与世长存!
黄天池博士的追悼會于2011年7月3日上午10时在 Halsted 1123 Sutter St. San Francisco, CA举行. 黄博士的家属亲戚, 生前好友, 中医针灸界的新老同業朋友约二百多人参加了悼念活动. 加州执照针灸医师公會會長黄宪生, 副會長朱伯威, 秘书長兼荣誉会长陳熊, 荣誉會長周敏華, 江林, 林黄基碧, 周泽新, 沈華舒, 福利部主任黄庆嫒, 副秘书長林峰, 监事長林克武等代表公會出席了追悼會. 黄宪生會長代表公會致悼词. 黄老會長的老战友, 老同事和老朋友周敏華博士深情发言缅怀黄老會長为中医针灸在加州的合法, 成长和发展作出的杰出贡献, 高度评价黄老會長大公无私, 热情奉献金钱, 精力和时间, 造福广大的中医针灸同业的祟高品德. 加州执照针灸医师公會全体會長, 副會長, 荣誉會長及多位资深會员向黄老會長敬送了花圈. 黄老會長的生前好友, 原三藩市经济发展委员會委员余浩扬先生, 加州中医师联合总會荣誉會長黎剑文夫婦, 屠英, 罗志長, 温平伯, 副會長趙廣伟, 福利部部長趙東桐, 三藩市地区区長欧小坚等业界好友也参加了追悼會, 罗志長医师代表王啸平會長发表悼念演讲. 加州中医师联合总會荣誉會長陈大仁特别发来唁电, 并向黄老會長的家属赠送了安抚金.

加州执照针灸医师公會理监事會
2011年7月3日

 

周敏华:为中医求公平 推动针灸在美加州合法化

  中新社广州5月30日电 题:周敏华:为中医求公平 推动针灸在美国加州合法化

作者 廖丽丽

“推动中医针灸在美国加州实现合法化,使中医针灸进入当地主流医学领域,是希望针灸医师与西医医师有同等地位。”美国加州中医药针灸协会会长周敏华近日接受中新社记者专访时表示,40年前自己不遗余力在加州推动针灸合法化,只求人们公平对待中医。

今年82岁的周敏华,出生于广州一个书香世家,1969年随家人移民美国。那时,旧金山华埠中医经常被警察抓捕。周敏华虽有中医专长却不能公开应诊,深感不公的她先后在《金山时报》、《少年中国晨报》等报纸发表文章,宣扬中医独特疗效,呼吁同道团结自救。

 

1973年,周敏华在香港结识的针灸医生陈佐治因非法行医被捕,陈佐治的家属求助于她。她即与当时名医好友李卫来、李愈之、李奈祖、卞伯岐、黄天池及余庚南等积极捐款聘请律师,又成立“加州中医药针灸学会”以作声援。

“那时我们喊出‘针灸应该争取在加州合法’的口号,却被人嘲讽为不知天高地厚。”周敏华回忆说,为让更多人了解中医针灸的疗效,她常常举办讲座,并现场示范针灸疗法。在她和同行们的不懈努力下,1975年美国加州通过立法承认中医针灸,中医师可以合法行医,后来加州还将针灸列入劳工保险开支。

忆起往事,周敏华非常平静。“为什么要将这个东方医疗手段冲破层层障碍,通过繁琐的立法程序,融入美国的医疗体系,就是为了求个公平,让针灸师与西医、牙医有平等的医师地位。”

眼下,周敏华更热心家乡的医疗事业,近20年来,她几乎每年都与家人一起回广州小住,并举行义诊。她和丈夫曹棣华捐助建成广州白云区中医院的CT大楼,并捐献了价值超过500万港元的CT机及其它医疗器械。

她说,此番前来广州是为委托当地杂志社编纂《周敏华自传》一书,该书预计于今年6月与读者见面。

记者注意到,年过八旬的周敏华依然充满活力,一头时髦的短卷发,格子连衣裙、白色小外套,举手投足优雅大方。

周敏华说,自己最喜欢的是文艺、体育和旅行,年轻时喜欢溜冰和游泳,后来又迷上打高尔夫球,“这也许是我保持活力的一个秘诀”。(完)

Read Full Post »

« Newer Posts - Older Posts »