Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi. 2005;107(8):802-10.
[Article in Japanese] Tani M, Suzuki T, Takada A, Yagyu T, Kinoshita T. Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kansai Medical University. firstname.lastname@example.org
We performed acupuncture treatment on first consultation for a female 28-year-old patient with severe axial dystonia, causing involuntary movement and abnormal posture of the neck and body, which had developed during treatment for schizophrenia. Involuntary movement involving elevation of the right shoulder began to occur in October X-1. Drugs were prescribed by her doctor, but her involuntary movement worsened and spread to the whole body. Thereafter, she began receiving acupuncture treatment at the out patient clinic for dystonia at the Kansai Medical College Hospital in July X. Involuntary movements of her neck involved repeated left lateral bending or a rigidly straight posture while sitting and standing. Her neck also showed a left lateral bend and right rotation. Her body showed a left lateral bend and right shoulder elevation. The neck problems in this case were induced by a hypertonicity of the left sternocleidomastoid (SCM), which caused the left lateral bending and right rotation of the neck. Problems in her body involved left lateral bending due to hypotonicity of the left abdominal muscle and hypotonicity of the left back muscles, which were unable to control the left lateral bending of the body. The right shoulder elevation was caused by a hypertonicity of the right trapezius and this was another of her problems. Acupuncture treatments were given using a penetrating needle method. The treatment points were left LI4 to decrease the hypertonicity of the left SCM, left ST41 to increase the hypotonicity of the left abdominal muscles, right BL60 to increase the hypotonicity of the right back muscles and right TE5 to decrease the hypertonicity of the right trapezius. At the initial stage of acupuncture treatment, the patient was not able to attend the hospital regularly enough to obtain sufficient improvement by acupuncture. In December X+1, she started to receive acupuncture treatment weekly, and the posture of the neck and body improved. In May X+3, her neck and body postures remained erect while sitting and she did not show involuntary movement. For problems of dystonia, we perform acupuncture treatment, using meridian and acupressure points selected based on the oriental medicine system, and we achieved improvement of symptoms in this case. The patient also achieved improved stability with regard to the symptoms of schizophrenia. It is suggested that acupuncture treatment has had a positive effect on tardive dystonia including axial dystonia.